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K.W. Daechsel

   1967 - Hydrographic Assistant - Lake of the Woods survey, Ont - (May 22 to 12 Oct) 
• 1967/68-Training-Hydro I
Photos: Hydro I 1967/68
   1968 - Hydrographer - Lake of the Woods survey, Ont.
1969 - Hydrographer = Rideau Waterway survey, Ont. (14 April - 30 April)
1969 - Hydrographer - CSS Baffin - Gulf of St. Lawrence (25 July - 24 Oct)
1970 - Hydrographer - Lower St Lawrence survey - 20 April to 2 Nov

P.A. Dal Bianco

• 1968 - Hydrographic Assistant - St Lawrence River Survey,
• 1968/69-Training-Hydro I
Photos: Hydro I 1968/69
   1969 - Hydrographer - Lower St Lawrence Survey (Hydrodist, Paravane) 21 Apr to 16 Oct
1970 - Hydrographer - Rideau Waterway, Thousand Islands (Ont) ( 15 June - 21 Oct)

V. Dale-Johnson
(same as W. Dale-Johnson, below?)

• 1967 - Captain - CSS Marabell7 - Captain - CSS Marabell

W. Dale-Johnson

• 1963 - Seaman - CSS Richardson - Western Arctic

Capt. Dalton

• 1910 - icebreaker STANLEY, Hudson Bay surveys.

J.F. Dance

1969 - Hydrographic Assistant (TIRL) - CSS Wm J Stewart - BC locations (3 June to 10 Oct)
1970 - Hydrographic Assistant (TIRL) - Wm J Stewart BC various locations (22 Aug - 16 Oct)
Photos: Hydro I 1969/70

W. Danielson

• 1964 – joined CHS, Drafting Section
1967 - working level draftsman - Ottawa
1967 - resigned

W.J. Danson

1970 - Hydrographer - Saint John River survey, NB (5 May t0 8 Sept and 13 Oct to 30 Oct)
1970 - Hydrographer - Northwest Passage control survey (9 Sept to 12 Oct) 


   1961 - Captain - Camsell - Western Arctic

Louis Ramsbotham Davies

  Lewis R. Davies, born 17 Oct 1879 in Ontario (1901 census)

• 1906 - Lake Superior survey.
• fall 1906 - transferred to British Columbia surveys (in Ottawa).
• 1907 - Prince Rupert survey.
• 1908 - surveys near Skeena River.
• 1909-10 - Dixon Entrance survey
• 1911-13 - Hecate Strait survey
• 1914 - Officer in Charge of NADEN (after Lt. Knight left), DeHorsey Island survey.
• 1915-17 - Hecate Strait survey.
• 1918 - shore party survey of Equimault & Victoria.
• 1919 - Hecate Strait survey.
• 1920-21 - Quatsino Inlet survey.
• 1922 - Johnstone Strait survey
• 1923-26 - Queen Charlotte Sound survey
• 1927 - Vancouver & Quatsino Sound surveys.
• 1928 - Millbanke Sound survey
• 1930-31 - Officer in Charge of SOMASS, west coast Vancouver Island surveys.
• 1932 - Clayoquot Sound survey
• 1933 - Nootka Sound survey
• 1934 - Esperanza Inlet survey.
• 1935 - Officer in Charge of ship-based survey (HMCS ARMENTIERES) of Big Bay (Queen Charlotte Islands)
• 1936 - West Coast of Vancouver Island surveys.
• 1937 - various Pacific coast surveys.
• 1937 - last field season.
• 1939 - office assistant to Supervising Hydrographer (Pacific)
• 1940-47 - in charge of chart production and distribution at Victoria
• 22 April 1964 – died, aged 78

Paul Davies

1945 -  


I was born in Halifax, Nova Scotia in 1945. With my family, I lived on Sable Island and in St. John's, Newfoundland and finally in Ottawa.

In April 1965, after a choice between CHS and Legal Surveys, I decided on the CHS as a summer job. Later that year, full time positions became available and I officially joined the CHS.

My educational background was Civil Technology at Eastern Ontario Institute of Technology in Ottawa and numerous courses in surveying both within the government and Algonquin College. Hydrography I and II were obtained and in 1989 a Certification of Registration in the Association of Ontario Land Surveyors was achieved.

The following is a brief description of my CHS career.
• 1965: Summer student in Atlantic Region, assigned to the CSS Maxwell Survey and winter training on the CSS Baffin, Antiqua, British West Indies
• 1966: Assigned to the Great Lakes Survey. This was the forerunner of the Canada Center for Inland Waters, specializing in chemical and physical studies in the Great Lakes.
•1965/66-Training-Hydro I-(CHS Class Photo)
•1967-69: I was a hydrographer on Great Lakes Surveys and on the Polar Continental Shelf Project (PCSP). I also worked with private industry on the survey of the freshwater pipelines into the town of Yellowknife, NWT.
•1970: I was senior assistant on the Ottawa River Survey, west of Montreal.
•1971-72: Sub party chief assigned to Limnogeology surveys in the Great Lakes.
•1973-78: Senior Assistant or Hydrographer-in-charge of sub parties or special projects including two contract surveys (Killarney, On. and Rea Point, NWT) and senior assistant on the CSS Limnos and the MV Martin Carson during the International Field Year for the Great Lakes (IFYGL). I also spent time on the William J. Stewart in the Pacific Region and on the MV Petrel in Hudson Bay and completed the through ice winter survey of the Belcher Islands, NWT. One interesting project was positioning and erecting two 300 foot AccuFix towers in Lake Superior for the surveys after the sinking of the Edmond Fitzgerald.
• 1977 – Eskimo Point survey (FS 3938)
• 1979-81: Hydrographer-in-charge, PCSP, included utilizing helicopters and track vehicles to collect spot soundings and geomagnetic data in the McClintock Channel and other areas of the Arctic. Received an Incentive Award for the use of "range extenders" on all Bell Jet Ranger helicopters used in PCSP.
• 1982-89: Hydrographer-in-charge, Great Lakes Surveys
• 1990: I reported to the Senior Program Officer, Small Craft Harbours Branch, Department of Fisheries and Oceans.
• 1991-93: Hydrographer-in-charge, Great Lakes Harbours and Revisory Surveys in Lake Winnipeg. Various projects included supplying horizontal datum for the purpose of correcting off datum charts in Georgian Bay and the Welland Canal.
• 1994: Hydrographer-in-charge, partnership survey with the town of Lac du Bonnet, Manitoba.
• 1995-97: Hydrographer-in-charge, Hudson Bay Survey. This was a contract survey with the GNWT to supply new charts for deep water navigation to be used for direct re-supply of fuel and dry goods to the Keewatin villages of Hudson Bay. Special projects included contract surveys for Upper Lakes Shipping and the Port of Thunder Bay. All surveys utilized the EM3000 Multibeam system.

I retired in March , 1998 after 33 years in the Canadian Hydrographic Service. The CHS provided me with exposure to many places in Canada that most people will never see or appreciate and also friends for life.

W.R. Davis

• 1960 - classification in 1960: St. Draftsman
• April 1963 (CHS org chart)- Drafting and Reproduction, Unit 2, Group C (draftsman Grade 1)

R.O. Dawson

• April 1963 (CHS org chart)- Bedford Institute, Electronic Technician (Technician 3)ides and Water Levels, Data Collection (Technician 1)
1964 - Electronic Technician - CSS Cartier - Great Lakes survey (3 June - 27 June)
• 1964 - Electronic Technician - CSS Baffin - 31 Aug - 13 Oct - Bay of Fundy survey
1966 - Electronic Technician - CSS Baffin - Tail of the Bank (16 May to 10 Nov)

S.J. Dawson

• 1878 – Member of Parliament for Algoma
• 1878 – appealed for surveys of Georgian Bay and Lake Superior
Dawson Island in St. Joseph Channel may be named after him (White, p. 28)

Dr. W. Bell Dawson, M.A., Ma.B., D.Sc., M.E.I.C., M.I.C.E. (Eng.) and F.R.S.C.,


WILLIAM BELL DAWSON scholar, author, lecturer, civil engineer, land surveyor, and international tidal authority was born in Pictou, N.S. May 2nd, 1854. His father was Sir William Dawson, Principal of McGill University 1853-1893, and his brother was the noted Canadian naturalist and geologist George Mercer Dawson. Dawson City in the Yukon Territory was named after this Canadian geologist. W. Bell Dawson as he signed himself came to Montreal at an early age and received his early education in schools here. In 1873 he graduated with a degree Master of Science from McGill University, and was a gold medallist in geology and natural science. He then left Montreal for Paris where he attended École des Ponts et Chaussés, and in May 1878 graduated with a diploma (equivalent to a M.Sc. degree in Montreal) coming first in his class.

Following his return to Canada he was admitted as a registered land surveyor in the Province of Quebec. In the next few years while in private engineering practice he made a topographic survey of a gold field in Nova Scotia, and worked on preliminary surveys and plans for a proposed tunnel under the River St. Lawrence between Montreal and Longueil. In 1882 he joined the Dominion Bridge Company as a designer of bridges and other steel structures, and in 1884 was employed by the Canadian Pacific Railway Company mainly on bridge contracts in Western Canada. He was appointed Engineer in Charge of the Tidal Survey in the Department of Marine and Fisheries December 1st, 1893, and in September of the following year when permanently appointed to the Inside Service he became Canada's First Tidal and Current Surveyor. From then until his retirement he completely dedicated to national and international problems and their solutions. He had been Doctor Dawson since 1902, and in 1908 by Order-in-Council his position was renamed Superintendent, Tidal and Current Survey. On July 1st, 1924 Dr. Dawson retired from the Public Service and returned to Montreal. Here he took up residence in Westmount where he lived until his death May 21st, 1944, aged 90 years.

In the summer of 1884 Bell Dawson inaugurated the first systematic tidal-current investigations in the Gulf of St. Lawrence, and with his cooperation the first Canadian tide tables for British Columbia were printed in 1901 from Public Works records. He built his first tidal station on the Pacific Coast in 1902, and in 1921 published a report on Arctic Tides. While in charge of the Tidal and Current Survey he wrote and published sixteen official publications on Tides, Tidal-Currents, Tide Levels and Datum Planes (Atlantic and Pacific Coasts), and Temperatures and Densities of Waters in Eastern Canada.

Dr. Dawson's reputation as an international tidal authority began following his first official visit to Great Britain and Europe in 1914. Here he meet tidal experts from British, French and Netherlands Officers, and personnel of the Nautical Almanac in London. He attended a conference of the International Research Council, in Rome, in 1922, where subjects on astronomy, geology and oceanography were discussed. Matters pertaining to tidal predictions by the Tidal Institute of Liverpool (founded 1919, and since 1923 calculated for the Canadian Government) were later discussed. In 1923 he was again a Canadian delegate to conference of the American Geophysical Union, in Washington, U.S.A., and in 1924 attended a meeting of the International Union of Geodesy and Geophysics in Rome.

In tribute to his many scientific works he was again awarded the Watt Gold Medal of the Institute of Civil Engineers in London, and two prizes for his research in tide levels and tidal streams by the Academy of Sciences, Paris. He was a laureate of the last named Academy, a Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada, a Member of the Engineering Institute of Canada and a Member of the Institute of Civil Engineering (London). He was a prolific writer not only of scientific subjects, but of religious articles as well. Several of his religious writings were translated into Chinese, Japanese and the Korean languages. His humility was characteristic of him at all times, and his high ability is said to have endeared him to his fellow associates.

Source: Meehan, The Canadian Hydrographic Service - From its Inception in 1883 to the End of the Second World War, Unpublished manuscript.

• 1st December 1893 appointed Engineer in Charge, Tidal Survey.
• 1894 - Officer in Charge of LANSDOWNE, tidal current studies Cabot & Belle Isle Straits
• 1899 - study of high tides in Bay of Fundy, tidal bore in Petitcodiac River.
• 1902 - visited Pacific Coast to install tide gauges.
• 1903 - Officer in Charge of GULNARE, current studies SW Newfoundland
• 1904 - Officer in Charge of GULNARE, current studies Bay of Fundy
• 1905 - visited British Columbia
• 1906 - Officer in Charge of GULNARE & LAURA, Strait of Belle Isle
• 1907 - Officer in Charge of GULNARE, current studies Bay of Fundy
• 1908 - Superintendent of the Tidal and Current Survey Division.
• 1908 - Officer in Charge of GULNARE, current studies Northumberland Strait.
• 1909 - installed tide gauges in British Columbia.
• 1910-12 - Officer in Charge of GULNARE, current studies north shore of Gulf.

Caralea Day

Caralea Day graduated from the University of New Brunswick in 1991 with a Bachelor of Science in Engineering.  She joined CHS in 1991 as a hydrographer.  Since 1993 she has worked in the areas of management of digital and analogue hydrographic information, database administration and database design.  She presently works in the Marine Geomatics Group on the Source Database Project for the management of hydrographic data.  She is also the database administrator for CHS Atlantic Region.

Source: 1998 Canadian Hydrographic Conference Proceedings, p. 3

Commander J. Dayman, R.N.

• 1857 - survey of first Atlantic cable HMS CYCLOPS
• 1858 - piloted cable ship to Bull Arm, Nfld. (HMS GORGON)

J. Deacon

   1970 - Student Assistant - Lower St. Lawrence survey - 11 May - 28 Aug

H.D. DeBeck

  1950 - June - Oct. - Hydrographic Assistant, shore party, Yukon River Storage and Power Project.

Albert R. Decary

   born 9 Jan 1872 in Quebec (1901 census)

• graduate in Civil Engineering
• 1904 - came from Public Works upon amalgamation, St. Lawrence R. survey.
• President de la Commission d’Urbanisme de la ville de Quebec

Stan Dee

Stan Dee retired from the Canadian Hydrographic Service in 1987. He had been Chief of Sailing Directions and had originally come to CHS from the Royal Canadian Navy.
Source: Lighthouse, Nov. 1987, p. 22.

F.L. ("Dusty") DeGrasse

Dusty DeGrasse was born and raised in New Brunswick. He began work at Fairchild Aircraft in 1940, then served in the Royal Canadian Air force from 1943 to 1945 - when he began Civil Engineering studies at Mount Allison University. He then surveyed with the New Brunswick Department of highways during 1948 and 1949. From 1949 to 1951, he surveyed with Topographical Surveys of Canada. while in the North West Territories, he snowshoed three hundred miles delineating preliminary border sections of Alberta, British Columbia, and the North West Territories. In 1951, Dusty began twenty-seven years of distinguished service with the Canadian Hydrographic Service.

During Dusty's early years in the Canadian Hydrographic Service, he surveyed waters off New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Labrador and the Queen Charlotte Islands of British Columbia. In 1956, Dusty was appointed as a Hydrographer-in-Charge and then surveyed for six years along the Nova Scotia shoreline. During this term, he made the CHS's first use of Tellurometers for precise surveying. During 1962, he was in charge of the Hudson Bay survey and, then in 1963, of the CSS Kapuskasing surveys off New Brunswick and Nova Scotia. The CHS's first use of Decca 6f, for offshore surveying occurred on this project. Dusty surveyed three years between 1965 and 1969 as Hydrographer-in-Charge of the CSS Baffin surveys on the Grand Banks and Gulf of St. Lawrence. These were the first CHS multidisciplinary surveys. From 1970 to retirement, he directed several hydrographic and scientific support programs on the Great Lakes. During 1972, Dusty directed hydrographic surveys and was Project Manager for horizontal electronic positioning logistics for the international scientific and survey communities during the International Field Year for the Great Lakes (IFYGL). Dusty retired from the CHS on April 10, 1978.
Source: Lighthouse, April 1978, p. 32.

• 1951 - St. Lewis Sound (Lab.) survey (FS 2274)
• 1952-53 - Cape Spear area.
• 1960-61 - Officer in Charge of Cape Sable Half Bald Is survey (FS 2187).
• 1961 - surveyed Letite Passage, N.B. (chart 4111)
• April 1963 (CHS org chart)- Bedford Institute, Field Officer (Technical Officer 6)
1965 - Officer in Charge - CSS Baffin (Shore Party) - south shore Nova Scotia and New Brunswick
1967 - Officer in Charge - CSS Baffin and CSS Kapuskasing - Grand Banks of Nfld (22 May - 27 Oct)
1969 - Hydrographer in charge - CSS Baffin -Gulf of St Lawrence, Belledune wharf plan

Ferrand de la Conte (French Navy)

• surveyed Newfoundland in 19th Century

Major Frederique J. Delaute

   Frederic Delaute, born 16 Dec 1879 in Belgium (1901 census)

• Feb. 1906 - appointed to Mr. Amos's party (St. Lawrence River).
• 1906 - St. Lawrence River survey.
• 1906-07- compiling St. Lawrence River charts.
• Sept. 1909 - 1915 - acted in charge of Drafting Office.
• 1915 - joined the Belgium Army.
• 1919 - returned from military service.
• 1919-35 - assistant to Mr. Crichton in Drafting Office.
• February 1935 - retired on account of ill health.
• Delaute Island (Lake Superior) (48° 42’N,  86° 59’W)

J. Delorme (Mrs.)

• 1961 - Chart Production, Typist (Typist 1).

F.A. Delory

• 1947 - appointed as Student Assistant
• 1947 - Northumberland Strait survey.

Y. DeRepentigny

• 1961 - Chart Production, Storeman (Storeman 1).

H. Dennison

• 1930 - gasoline engineer, Playgreen Lake survey, stricken by typhoid fever.

G.L. (or G.J., or G.B.?) Desbarats

• prior to 1904 – Director of Sorel Shipyards (Public Works)
• 1904 – Director of Sorel Shipyards (Marine and Fisheries)
• 1910-14 - Deputy Minister, Department of the Naval Service

G.R. Desborough

   1970 - Summer Student -  Shore party No.2 -Ship Harbour to Liscomb Harb, NS - 19 May to 11 Sept

Thomas DesBrisay
(may be the same as Mr.DesBrisay below)

1844-47 - served on the third "Gulnare" under Admiral Bayfield
1847 - Was appointed as Master Assistant to Bayfield's staff

Mr. DesBrisay

• 1852-57 - surveyed Great Bras d’Or under Maxwell (chart 2687)
• 1859 - on sub-party on St. Lawrence River
• 1860-63 – surveyed Bay Bulls to Placentia, under Orlebar (chart BA2915)
• 1862-71 – surveyed C. Bonavista to Bay Bulls, under Orlebar (chart BA296)

J.G. Desilets

   1964 - Summer Student (Hydrographer) - CSS Marabell - West Coast - 10 May to 11 Sept.
1965 - Summer student - CSS Wm J Stewart - 17 May to 11 Sept - (from U.B.C.)
1966 -  on educational leave 
1966 - Marabell - various BC locations (10 May to 9 Sept)

De Sugmy (French Navy)

• surveyed Newfoundland in 19th Century

J.A. Deveault

• 1929 - Hudson Bay survey.
• 1930 - Sable Island -Newfoundland surveys
• 1931 - Hudson Bay survey.
• 1932-37 - North Shore of Gulf of St. Lawrence survey.
• 1938 - Quebec City survey.
• 1939 - NE arm of Gulf of St. Lawrence
• 1940 - Port Hebert survey
• 1941 - did not go to field due to illness.
• 1942 - transferred to Map Service.

Dr. E. Deville

• 1906-24 - Surveyor General

W.J. Devlin

• 1960 - classification in 1960: Map Compiler and Computer 1
• April 1963 (CHS org chart)- Chart Revision Standards and Names (as Map Compiler and Computer 1)
• 1963 – Survey at Byng Inlet
1964 - Hydrographer - CSS Cartier - Great Lakes survey
1965 - Hydrographer - CSS Cartier - Lake Erie
1966 - Staff assignment, Central Region - Rotation from field work

D. (Dave) L. DeWolfe

• 1965/66-Training-Hydro I (CHS Class Photo)
1966 - Hydrographer - Wm J Stewart - (18  Apr - 2 July and 26 Sept - 15 Oct) - BC Coast
1966 - Hydrographer - Camsell - western Arctic (July 12 to Sept. 18)
1967 - Hydrographer (AT 3) - CSS Wm J Stewart - BC Coast
1968 - Hydrographer - Marabell - Various BC locations (16 April to 29 May)
1970 - Hydrographer - Saint John River survey, NB (4 May to 9 Sept)

D.V. Dickson

• 1960 - classification in 1960: Tech Off 3
• 1961 – Survey at Byng Inlet

John S. Dion

• 1960/61


• 1776 – with Cook on 3rd voyage
• 1794 – provided sketch surveys to George Vancouver
• Dixon Entrance named after him.

Lieut. J.W. Dixon, R.N.

• 1877-81 - survey C. St. John-Toulinguet - under Maxwell (chart BA 285)
• 1879 – surveyed in Notre Dame Bay, under Maxwell (chart BA3091)
• 1880 – surveyed Caribou Channel & Assizes Harbour, Lab., under Maxwell (chart BA133)

D. Dobson

• 1960 - classification in 1960: Tides and Water Level Section, Tech. Officer 4
• April 1963 (CHS org chart)- Bedford Institute, Current Surveys (Technical Officer 5)

R. Dobson

   1965 - Joined CHS
1967/68 - working level draftsman - Ottawa

Docteur (French Navy)

• surveyed Newfoundland in 19th Century

George Blanchard Dodge

1874 - 1945

  born 2 August 1873 in Nova Scotia (1901 census)

• off Halifax
• 1898-1903 - served under Capt. Tooker
• 1898 - Strait of Belle Isle harbour surveys (chart 4668)
• prior to 1904 - civilian assistant with Admiralty Newfoundland survey.
• 1906 - temporarily loaned from Surveyor General's office, articled as a DLS to Dr. E. Deville, (Surv.-Gen.)
• 1906 - Prince Rupert B.C. surveys.
• February 1907 - returned to Dept. of the Interior - replaced by "Mr." P.C. Musgrave.
about 1932 retired from Government services

George Blanchard Dodge went to the Topographical Surveys from the hydrographic Survey.  After retirement, in war time [WW1 or 2?], he was employed by Ontario Hughes-Owens Co. in the design of marine compasses for war-time merchant ships, and designed an instrument for calibrating and cutting the graduations on compass circles, using the horizontal circle plate of one of the Hydrographic Survey’s large, 10 or 12 inch Troughton and Simms theodolites. 

Source: R.J. Fraser’s “Hydrographic Notes”

                    From Obituary in The Canadian Surveyor, January 1946:

     Another prominent Canadian surveyor, in the person of G. Blanchard Dodge, passed away after a brief illness on October 4th at his home in Ottawa. He was born at Halifax, August 7th, 1874, son of Dr. Stephen Dodge and Florence Blanchard. His primary education was received in Halifax and he attended Dalhousie University for three years. For some years he was engaged on hydrographic surveys in the Maritimes and Newfoundland and later on the west coast of British Columbia. In 1900 he joined the Topographical Survey, Department of the Interior, and was articled to Dr. E. Deville in 1905.  In 1909 he obtained his DLS commission and was appointed chief of the Special Surveys Division and continued in the employ of the federal government until about 1932 when he retired.  In the early part of the war he joined the staff of the Ontario Hughes Owens Co. of Ottawa and at the time of his death was in charge of the experimental laboratories of this company at Ottawa.

Surviving are his wife, the former Grace Sample; three daughters, Mrs. Cyril Wilson, Mrs. Arthur Noad, and Miss Florence Dodge.
Source: The Canadian Surveyor, January 1946, p. 27.

Peter Dodge
1941 -

I joined the CHS on Oct 13, 1959 at Alberton PEI. Chuck Leadman was the Hydrographer-in-Charge of the shore party.

The launch for this party was to be used in Ottawa for training purposes and I, being young and unaware, volunteered to go with Ben, the old Bosn, from Alberton to Ottawa in the launch. I could not have been much help for Ben except to keep him company as we motored up the St. Lawrence River. En route the packing box broke and we tied up at a steelyard in Levis, PQ. From there Ben went home and I went to Ottawa.

In Ottawa I reported to Russ Melanson who took one look at me and said: "You cannot work here dressed like that". He sent me out with an older Englishman, Robin Hatherly, to get a suit and tie and a place to live. Being a small town farm kid, at this point, I was saying "hello" to everyone I met on the busy streets of Ottawa.

I was assigned to Roy Amero for training and spent the rest of the winter in Otttawa.

In the spring I was sent down to Halifax to join the "Arctic Sealer" which sailed from the Furess Withy pier in early summer. On the "Sealer" survey summer we surveyed the harbour at Hawkes Bay, Nfld, did some little job in Nain and Hopedale and a survey around Lake Harbour on Baffin Island. Then we went over and traversed across Hudson Strait from the north shore to an island on the north coast of PQ. Our last major job was a survey of Povungnituk Harbour.

I spent the winter of 1960-61 in the office in Halifax on Hollis street. I best remember "Junior" Hemphill and Bobby Lawrence from those days. In the spring of 1961 I was assigned to Stewart Dunbrack's party for surveys on the Eastern Shore of Nova Scotia. Sheet Harbour, Sherbrook, Country Harbour and Larry's River to name e few. Stu had just married that summer. The weather was quite wet and foggy.

In the fall I entered Acadia University, leaving the frying pan for the fire.

My memories of the CHS and the characters there are great ones. Yhe people were very kind and patient with me and guide me into a position where i could begin to understand the world and how big it is. I kept a diary of these times, particularly of the "Arctic Sealer" summer.

I have heard from and kept in contact with a few of the characters from those times and run aceoss some of them in the 47 years that have passed.

Peter Dodge
(submitted on 12 Aug 2008)

W.E. Doering

1967 - Student Assistant - Trent Severn Waterway (Ont) - 15
1969 - Hydrographer - St. Lawrence and Lower Ottawa River Survey, Que
1969/70 - Hydrography I training course
1970 - Hydrographer - Lower Ottawa River, Que - 28 June to 16 Sept - went to Ottawa University

Miss A. Doherty

• 1939 - listed as stenographer for Mr. MacMillan (Office-General)


Gerhard Curt Dohler

His formal education was obtained while serving in the Hydrographic Organization of the German Navy.  During this period and subsequent years, subjects in coastal engineering, surveying, geology, geodesy, hydrology, navigation, astronomy and oceanography were part of his studies.  He is registered as a Professional Engineer in the province of Ontario.

Before being called upon by the Indonesian Government in 1951 to carry out Hydrographic Surveys and to set up a tidal prediction service at Djakarta, he worked as a cadastral surveyor and was involved in property surveys in the northern part of Germany.   At the suggestion of the Canadian Embassy in Djarkarta, he came to Ottawa from Indonesia in 1955 and upon arrival was offered employment with the Department of Mines and Technical Surveys – Canadian Hydrographic Service to assist in hydrographic charting in the Great Lakes.

Between 1956 and 1960 his involvement was in the field of gauge station design and construction for permanent water level and tidal measurements in the Arctic and along the St. Lawrence River.  Canada had no year-round permanent gauging stations in these areas at that time.

During the International Geophysical Year 1957, he was in charge of the International Union of Geodesy and Geophysics (I.U.G.G.) Canadian Mean Seal Level Program.  For this program he established the first year-round gauging stations in the Arctic and presented the analysed data to the I.U.G.G.  In 1960, he carried out the first synoptic current survey in the tidal and non-tidal waters of the St. Lawrence River between Montreal and Quebec.

From 1961 onwards, modern gauging equipment was developed and data acquisition and prediction techniques were introduced under his supervision to provide the Marine Community with up-to-date information. Software was developed and computers were employed to carry out this work.  Instruments announcing in real time water levels and the transmission of this information to control centers became a reality.  Digital databases were established for research on tides and water levels.  Expert testimony was often requested in court cases with regards to ship accidents.  Evidence was also given in the House of Commons before the Committee on Mines, Forests and Waters in reference to abnormal water level conditions in the Great Lakes.    

A new vertical control datum was introduced in 1960 called International Great Lakes Datum (1955) and used thereafter by both the United States and Canada for hydraulic purposes by power entities, for legal use by property owners, and for charting.  He was instrumental in the development of this datum and responsible for its introduction and application in Canada.

As Chief of the Tides and Water Level Section, he supervised its Headquarters component.  In a staff capacity, he had the responsibility in the Directorate for the assessment of national and international priorities, the co-ordination of programs and establishment and maintenance of quality and accuracy on the information obtained by the tidal currents and water level groups.  These groups consisted of approximately forty employees in the engineering, scientific, technical and clerical categories, located at Headquarters and three regions.  His responsibility was to develop and maintain gauging systems and to ensure the timely availability of high quality data and information to Federal and Provincial agencies, foreign governments, industries, learned societies, warning centers as well as the general public.  On the eve of the Centennial of Confederation, the Canadian Tidal Service was cutting the last apron strings which still tied it to the scientific tutelage of the British Liverpool Tidal Institute.  As a Centennial project “The 1967 Tide and Current Tables” were produced employing digital computers thus making Canada one of the first maritime agency to apply digital technology for analysis, predictions and publication of tidal data.  The Tide and Current Tables were issued for the first time in both official languages as well as in feet and meters.

In 1974, he was charged with the responsibility of Chart Production and was later appointed as Director of Marine Cartography.  In restructuring the Hydrographic Service in Ottawa, the greatest number of changes were brought about through the integration of chart compilation and drafting components.  Regional chart construction teams were established applying automated cartography which had been research oriented up to about 1973.  Training of cartographers and career development program of the group, particularly in light of automated drafting, had become a very important issue.  In the early l980’s, a new style Canadian chart, employing both official languages and the metric system, was produced utilizing computer technology as developed in the Hydrographic Service.

Digital databases were established as a prerequisite in the automated chart making process.  Hydrographers were encouraged to provide this data in the field survey stage. The Graphical Online Manipulation And Data Display System (GOMADS) was developed under his direction.  After several refinements and name changes, this system became an essential tool in the field of marine cartography within the C.H.S. for universities and other countries.

He received  awards for : the introduction of new printing methods;  for the analysis and prediction of Tide and Water level data; and for utilizing digital computers to carry out these tasks.

Mr. Dohler has published and has presented many papers at national and international meetings and conferences, and was part of the Canadian Delegation at I.H.O. Conferences, at several I.O.C. Assemblies and NATO Meetings.  He also participated in several International Research projects and spent time on board the British research vessel DISCOVERY deploying and assessing, for the first time on an international scale, submersible gauges to observe the ocean tides.

As Chairman of the International Coordinating Group for the TSUNAMI Warning System in the Pacific consisting of more than 20 nations and belonging to the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission of UNESCO, he introduced budget and program forecasts. He also assessed the need and requirements for the establishment of Regional Tsunami Warning Centers in the Pacific. From 1982-1983, he was on a Foreign Service assignment for UNESCO at the International Tsunami Information Center in Honolulu to develop a Master Plan for the Tsunami Warning System in the Pacific. 

After retirement in 1984, he was a consultant to the governments of Ecuador and Malaysia to give advice on the establishment of tidal and cartography groups and the future application of automated procedures.  A program for mean sea level measurements for Antarctica was requested by the National Science Foundation and a report was produced.

After 47 years in 1988, he completed a successful career in surveying, hydrography  and oceanography.

• 1960 - classification in 1960: Tides and Water Level Section, Tech. Officer 6

 Member of National and International Organizations:

•Chairman of the International Coordinating Group for the TSUNAMI Warning System in the Pacific (I.T.S.U.)
•Associate Director of the TSUNAMI Information Center in Honolulu (I.T.I.C.)
•Member of the International Coordinating Group on Basic Hydraulic and Hydrological Data for the Great Lakes – St. Lawrence River system
•Member of the International Hydrographic Organization  (I.H.O.) on World Tide Tables
•Member of the Working Group 27 (Deep Sea Tides) of the Scientific Committee on Ocean Research (S.C.O.R.)
•Member of the International Union of Geodesy and Geophysics (I.U.G.G.) Committees on Mean Sea Level and Tsunami
•Member of the National Research Council Committee on Geodesy and Geophysics

J.W. Dolphin

• 1938 - hired by Pacific Coast office.
• 1939 - Strait of Georgia survey.
• April 1940 - resigned but did office work until August 1940.

Dr. A.T. Doodson

• 1939 - Associate Director, Liverpool Observatory., visited CHS

Larry W. Dorosh

Larry Dorosh is a senior electronics technologist with the Canadian Hydrographic Service.  He graduated from BCIT in 1971, and has 26 years of experience in providing remote power systems for field survey applications for the CHS.

Source: Lighthouse, No. 56, Fall 1997, p. 33.

Capt. Bloomfield Douglas, R.N.R.

  born 25 Sept 1831 in England (1901 census)

• from Meteorological Service
• July 1892 - appointed head of tidal investigations.
• 1892 - visited sites for tidal gauges
• 1893-1904 - in charge of east coast tidal stations.
• 1894 - built tide gauges at Forteau Bay and Father Point.
• 1895 - built tide gauges at Bonne Bay and Halifax.
• June 1904 - left Tidal survey to accept Nautical Advisor to Board of Examiners for Masters & Mates.

"I noticed that you have a listing for Capt. William Bloomfield DOUGLAS in your list of people associated with Hydrography in Canada.  Actually, he was born in Wales Sep. 25th. 1822 (not 1831)."
Geoffrey FROGLEY
Port Augusta

(It is not clear that these two people are the same.)


G. Ross Douglas

1939 -

• 1960 - classification in 1960: Tech Off 1
•1960        Joined CHS and assigned to CSS Acadia (spring) and CSS Baffin (Arctic trip)
•1961        CSS Baffin, Bay of Fundy and Arctic
•1962        Georgian Bay Survey
•1963        Polar Continental Shelf Project, Hell Gate & Cardigan Strait 
•April 1963 (CHS org chart)- Central Region, Field Officer (as Technical Officer 2)
•1964        Polar Continental Shelf Project, HIC, Arctic Ocean and Hell Gate
•1965        Polar Continental Shelf Project, HIC, Arctic Ocean and Cardigan Strait
1966 - Staff assignment, Central Region - On rotation from field work
•1966 - 1971        In Charge of the first Hydrographic Development Group at Bedford Institute
1969 - Lower St Lawrence Survey - launch data logging system ('DUNLIN' System) 
9 to 26 June, 10 to 18 July, 11 to 21 Aug
1970 - Hydrographic Development - Kapuskasing - Northumberland Str. (10 Aug 28 Oct)
•1972 - 1978        Assistant Regional Hydrographer, Atlantis Region.  Educational leave from 1975 to 1978.
•1978 - 1987        Director, Hydrography, Central and Arctic Region
•1987 - 1994        Dominion Hydrographer

Ross Douglas grew up on a farm and received his elementary and secondary schooling in Gull Lake, Saskatchewan. Two summer seasons with the Department of Public Works on highway location surveys in Banff and Kootenay National Parks convinced Ross that surveying was the career for him. Ross was one of four members of the 1960 graduating class of the Southern Alberta Institute of Technology (Surveying) who joined the Canadian Hydrographic Service in May 1960 (the other three were Neil Anderson, Earl Brown and Eldon Bruns).

In 1963 he joined the Polar Continental Shelf Project and from 1964 to 1966, he was hydrographer in Charge of the PCSP, conducting surveys of the Arctic Ocean and throughout the Arctic Islands where he produced the first computer/plotter generated depth plots. From 1966 to 1972, Ross was Head, Hydrographic Development in the Atlantic Region, CHS. During this time, he spent some time as Hydrographer-in-Charge of CSS Baffin and CSS Kapuskasing. In 1972 he became Assistant Regional Hydrographer, Atlantic, responsible for the  field survey section, consisting of 45 employees.

During 1975-78, Ross Douglas was on part-time educational leave. He worked on special assignments during the summer months. He received a Dalhousie University Scholarship and the G.V. Douglas Memorial Award for Geology in 1976. He graduated in 1978 with a B.Sc. (major in geology, minor in mathematics) from Dalhousie University.

In 1978, Ross was appointed Director, Hydrography, Central and Arctic Region in Burlington, Ontario.

In 1987, he was appointed Dominion Hydrographer and Director General of the Canadian Hydrographic Service. During his tenure as Dominion Hydrographer, the CHS underwent many changes in response to changing technologies and new political and economic realities. Ross stepped down as Dominion Hydrographer as of Dec. 30, 1994 and accepted a special assignment working with Scott Parsons, Assistant Deputy Minister. He was adjunct professor of survey science at the University of Toronto.

Ross has been active in the technological thrusts of the Canadian Hydrographic Service and pioneered a number of early developments in field data logging and processing systems. In 1981, he received a Commission as a Canada Lands Surveyor.
Ross was President of the Canadian Institute of Surveying and Mapping (now called the Canadian Institute of Geomatics) in 1990 and 1991.
From 1995 to 1997, he serves a two-year term as President of the Hydrographic Society.

Sources: The Canadian Surveyor, September 1978, p. 392
The Canadian Surveyor, December 1979, p. 392.
CISM Journal ACSGC, Summer 1988, p. 165.
CISM Journal ACSGC, Autumn 1990, p. 337.
Lighthouse, Fall 1994, p. 37.
Lighthouse, Spring 1995, p. 34.
Lighthouse, Fall 1995, p. 55.

K. Douglas

• 1965 - Summer Student from College of Tech, St John's Nfld (19 June - 27 Aug) - CSS Kapuskasing - Chaleur Bay (NB and Que) - Summer Student from College of Tech, St John's Nfld (19 June - 27 Aug) - CSS Kapuskasing - Chaleur Bay (NB and Que)

Capt. W.H. Downing

• 1948-58 –surveyed approaches to Str. Of Belle Isle (chart BA324)

Peter B. Draayer

• 1960 - classification in 1960: Tech. Officer 4
• April 1963 (CHS org chart)– Nautical Geodesy (Technical Officer 3)

Thomas Drummond, D.L.S.

• 1892 - temporary assistant to Mr. Wm. P. Anderson in the survey of Bay of Quinte.

P.J.  DuBeau

April 1963 (CHS org chart)- Central Region, Field Officer (as Technical Officer 1)
• 1963 – Survey at Byng Inlet
1964 - (11 May to 6 July) - Hydrographer - St Lawrence River survey
1964 - Hydrographer - CCGS "D'IBERVILLE" - Eastern Arctic
1965 - Hydrographer - Trent-Severn Waterway survey (Ontario)
1966 - Hydrographer - St Lawrence River Survey (3 May to 27 May)

Alex. Dufresne, C.E.

• 1909 - named in title block of Chart 50 (Lake St. Louis) as being part of the survey.

S.S. ("Stu") Dunbrack

•April 1963 (CHS org chart)- Bedford Institute, Field Officer (Technical Officer 4)
1965 - Hydrographer - CSS Acadia - PEI and Nfld
1966  - Hydrographer -  CSS Kapuskasing - Nova Scotia, Gulf of St Lawrence  
1967 - Hydrographer - Eastern Arctic surveys - John A. MacDonald, d'Iberville
1969 - Hydrographer - CSS Baffin - Gulf of St Lawrence (28 May - 14 Nov)
1970 - Hydrographer - Kapuskasing - Nova Scocia, Nflf, Northumberland Str (22 May - 30 Oct)
• 1983 –Strait of Belle Isle survey (FS 4962)


• 1930 - in RCAF, pilot of first air photo mission for CHS along Pacific coast.
• island named for him in Clayoquot Sound.

M.H. Dunlop (Mrs.)

• 1961 - Tides and Water Levels, Stenographer (Clerk 2).

A.M. Dunn

• 1939-40 - listed a Student Map Draftsman
• 1941 - resigned.

E. Dunn

   1969 - Student Assistant - Lower St Lawrence Survey (4 May to 27 Aug) from Ottawa

J.R. Dupuis

• 1907-14 - appointed as Clerk to handle correspondence (hand written)
• 1916-18 - clerk handling accounts
• 1923 - helped install automatic gauges in Hamilton Inlet.
• 1927 - Clerk at Headquarters.
• 1930 - ship Clerk, Sable Island -Newfoundland surveys
• spring 1931 - transferred to another Department.
•Dupuis Island (Lake Superior) (48° 41’N, 86° 59’W)