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G.P. Babij

• 1966 - CSS Kapuskasing - Nova Scotia and Gulf of St. Lawrence - ( 2 July to 24 Aug)

George Alphonse Bachand

   born 27 August 1887 in United States (1901 census)

• 1905-07 - Lake Superior survey.
• 1908 - Hydrographic Assistant, Bayfield II, Lake Superior survey
• 1909 - Hydrographic Assistant, Bayfield II, Lake Ontario survey.
• 1910 - Officer in Charge of survey at Fort Churchill.
• 1911-15 - Officer in Charge of BAYFIELD (II), Lake Ontario.
• 1916 - Officer in Charge of BAYFIELD (II), Lake Superior.
• 1917 - assigned to Headquarters in Ottawa.
• 1918 - shore party survey of Halifax and Sydney.
• 1921 - Lake Melville surveys
• 1923 - Officer in Charge of BAYFIELD (II), Magdalen Islands survey
• 1924 - Officer in Charge of shore party, Magdalen Islands survey
• 1925 - Officer in Charge of shore party at Havre St. Pierre.
• 1926 - Officer in Charge of BOULTON, Nova Scotia survey.
• 1927 - Officer in Charge of CARTIER, Bay of Fundy survey.
• 1928 - Officer in Charge of CARTIER, Saint John, N.B. survey
• 1929-31 - Officer in Charge of CARTIER, North Shore, Gulf of St. Lawrence survey.
• 8 June 1931 - drowned on Netagamu River, North Shore of Gulf during a survey.

James William (Jim) Bacon

   died 11 April 2000 at age 81.

• 1954 - Hydrographic Assistant, Lake Winnipegosis - (HIC Paul Radakir)

Lt. Cmdr. E.H.B. Baker

• 1932 – surveyed Nain, under Wyatt HMS Challenger (chart BA265)

G.W. Baker

• 1930-31 - MacKenzie River survey.
• 1932 - North Shore of Gulf of St. Lawrence survey.
• 1933 - St. John River survey.
• 1934 - North Shore of Gulf of St. Lawrence survey
• 1936 - Cape Breton survey.
• spring 1937 - resigned.

Capt. W.J. Balcom

• 1932-35 - Sailing Master,  N.B. McLEAN, landed shore party, Hudson Strait.
• 1937 - tidal stream data Hudson Strait.
• 1939 - observed tidal streams at Digges Islands.
• 1941 - Sailing Master, N.B. McLEAN, Mortier Bay survey.
• 1942 - Sailing Master, N.B. McLEAN, Hudson Strait & Goose Bay
• 1943 - Sailing Master, N.B. McLEAN, Hudson Bay & Labrador
• Balcom Inlet (Observation Cove), Hudson Strait, named after him

E.D. Baldock

• 1940 - listed as Senior map Draftsman (but never worked for CHS [?])

B.J. Ball

• 1960 - classification in 1960: Asst. Technician 1
• April 1963 (CHS org chart)- Tides and Water Levels, Technical Information ( as Assistant Technician 2)

F.M. Baltzer

• 1966 - Student Assistant - CSS Maxwell - Atlantic Provinces and Quebec (20 May to 4 Nov) from NSLSI Lawrencetown

A.E. (Ernie) Banks

• 1947 - hired as Student Assistant in chart construction
• 1960 - classification in 1960: Map Compiler and Computer Sup 2 • April 1963 (CHS org chart)- Chart Compilation, Head of New and Reconstructed Charts (as Map Compiler and Computer Sup.2)

Capt. Herbert Barker

   born 16 August 1873 in Ontario (1901 census)

• 1904 - Sailing Master of FRANK BURTON, Lake Winnipeg survey.

W.J. Barling

• 1938 - transferred from Dominion Observatory as clerk.
• 1947 - retired.

Capt. Nathaniel Barrett

   born 8 March 1864 in Newfoundland (1901 census)

• 1919-21 - Sailing Master, BAYFIELD (II)
• Spring 1921 - retired as Master of BAYFIELD (II).

Lieutenant Barrett, R.N.

• 1891 - HMS AMPHION, investigated shoal reported by PARTHIA in Burrard Inlet

F.J. Barteaux

• April 1963 (CHS org chart)- Bedford Institute, Electronic Technician (as Technician 3)
1964 - Electronic Technician - CSS Baffin - Bay of Fundy survey

Capt. S.W. ('Bob') Bartlett

• 1910 - Ice Pilot, icebreaker STANLEY, Hudson Bay surveys.
• 1911 - Ice Pilot, icebreaker MINTO, Hudson Bay survey.
• 1912 - Sailing Master & Ice Pilot, icebreaker MINTO, Hudson Bay survey.
• 1913 - first Sailing Master, ACADIA.  Hudson Bay Survey.

H.T. Bate

• 1914 - Lower St. Lawrence survey
• August 1914 - joined HMCS NIOBE in Halifax


J.F. Bath

• 1966 - HIC, Parry - Gulf Islands, Vancouver Island

B.W. Battist

• 1966 - Summer Student - CSS Acadia - Magdalen Islands (Que) and Newfoundland (25 May - 30 Aug) from N.S.L.S.I.


A.W. (or A.M.) Baxter

• 1943 - hired as 'seaman technical'
• 1943 - Bay of Fundy survey.
• 1944 - Northumberland Strait survey

Capt. J.L. Baxter

• 1913 - Sailing Master, LA CANADIENNE, Lake Superior survey

J.M. Baxter

• 1960 - classification in 1960:  Draftsman 3

Admiral Henry Wolsey Bayfield, R.N.


Admiral Henry Wolsey Bayfield pioneered hydrography in Canada. From 1816 to 1856, he surveyed the Great Lakes, the St. Lawrence River and Gulf (islands, inlets and bays) and the coasts of the maritime provinces. Admiral Bayfield provided navigation charts, detailed maps of shorelines, and the first Sailing Directions for the Gulf and River of St. Lawrence.

Henry Wolsey Bayfield was born January 21, 1795 in Hull, England, an important harbour on the North Sea. Little is known of his parents except their names - John Wolsey Bayfield and his wife Eliza Petit. Henry had one sister to whom he was devoted, and who became the wife of Sir G.O. Page Turner. Henry's education was apparently by private tutor. By the age of eleven, he was in the Royal Navy. He was wounded in a battle off Gibraltar and was promoted to a volunteer, first class in Sept. 1806. As a midshipman in 1810, his ship saw service in Quebec City and Halifax. He returned to Canada in 1814 and at the end of the 1812-4 war Bayfield was with the British flotilla on Lake Champlain. In January 1816, his war service ended and was recruited by Capt. W.F.W. Owen, Senior Officer Commanding on the Lakes and Naval Surveyor, to assist in the Great Lakes survey begun the previous year.

The summer of 1816 found Acting Lieutenant Bayfield on HM Sloop Star assisting in the survey of Lake Ontario, and sounding the channels in the St. Lawrence River among the Thousand Islands as far east as the Galops Rapids. In June 1817, when Owen returned to England. Twenty-two year old Bayfield was left in charge of the surveys of lakes Erie and Huron. Bayfield and an inexperienced midshipman Philip E. Collins completed the survey of lake Erie in 1818 and then moved to Penetanguishene. It was not until the end of 1822 that they completed the survey of Lake Huron. In 1823, Bayfield and Collins started the survey of Lake Superior which they completed in 1825 working from a base at Fort William. It took two years of work back in London to complete the charts of the areas surveyed. In recognition, Bayfield was promoted to Commander in 1826.

Bayfield pointed out the need to survey the St. Lawrence River between Montreal and Anticosti Island and was sent back to Canada for that purpose in 1827. From then until 1840, he conducted the St. Lawrence survey, river, estuary and gulf. In 1835, Lt. Collins died suddenly of apoplexy while surveying in the Magdalen Islands. Capt. Bayfield found as replacement Lt. John Orlebar. Bayfield was able to point out that there were three channels leading to Quebec City whereas the pilots heretofore had only known of one. Bayfield advised the authorities on the best locations for lighthouses on the coasts and islands of the St. Lawrence, and later on the coasts of the Atlantic Provinces and Sable Island. In 1841, he moved his office to Charlottetown and continued for another 15 years of surveying. Bayfield was anxious to obtain the exact measurement of longitudes of St. John's, Charlottetown, Halifax and Quebec and repeated his observations several times to ensure accuracy. He and Capt. Owen exchanged timing between surveys in the Gulf of St. Lawrence and in the Bay of Fundy by rockets at the isthmus. He also related his longitudes to those of Boston. In 1851, he was requested to carry out special surveys to locate Sable Island and to determine if and where lighthouse(s) ought to be established. His last major undertaking was a survey of Halifax from Bedford to Sambro. It was later extended eastwards to Cape Canso.

Bayfield retired from surveying service in 1856 when he was promoted to rear admiral. He was promote to vice admiral in 1863 and to admiral in 1867. He lived in Charlottetown until his death on February 10th, 1885.

Source: Condensed from McKenzie, The Canadian Surveyor, Sept. 1976, p. 194-201.
Reprinted from Fisheries & Marine Service, Dept. of the Environment

Of the 215 Admiralty editions of charts issued to 1867, approximately 114 or 53% of the total were attributed to Bayfield in whole or in part. After 40 years of field service, he retired in 1856 and could look back with some personal satisfaction in knowing that there were few sections along the main steamer routes between Halifax N.S. and Fort William in Lake Superior that he had not had a hand in charting.

Source: O.M. Meehan, Unpublished manuscript, as quoted in The Chartmakers.


No history of Admiralty charting in Canada would be complete without some reference to the work of that eminent and meticulous Admiralty Surveyor, Capt. H.W. Bayfield, R.N. Whilst it is true that there have been some other Admiralty Surveyors who have added much to the Admiralty history, none was more devoted to his task, and none excelled Capt. Bayfield in the number of years of field service, and the number of Canadian nautical charts his surveys produced. Of the 215 Admiralty editions to 1867, approximately 114 or 53% of the total, were attributed to Captain Bayfield in whole or in part. He is also credited with three 'assists' to Capt. W.F.W. Owen, R.N., for his surveys in the upper St. Lawrence and Lake Ontario. For the waters of the Gulf and River St. Lawrence, from Montreal to the Strait of Belle Isle and Mars Head (near Halifax, N.S., Captain Bayfield was responsible for 94 additional charts. After 40 years of field service he retired in 1856, and could look back with some personal satisfaction in knowing that there were few sections along the main steamer routes between Halifax, N.S. and Fort William in Lake Superior that he had not had a hand in charting. The year his survey in Lake Superior ended, in 1825, the Lachine canal had been built; and a year before his retirement, in 1855, with the completion of the American Canal at Sault Ste. Marie, navigation was open for vessels drawing 9 feet of water from the Atlantic Ocean to the head of shipping of the St. Lawrence Seaway in Lake Superior.

Henry Wolsey Bayfield was born in Hull, England in 1795, and joined the Royal Navy as a supernumerary volunteer at the age of 11 years, in 1806. By 1811 young Bayfield had reached Midshipman rank on H.M.S. WANDERER, and for the next three years saw service on the West Indies, Halifax, Lisbon and Spanish stations. He also served in Canada during the Canada-American War 1812-14.

Following the peace Bayfield was promoted to the rank of Lieutenant in March 1815, and while his ship H.M.S. WANDERER was in Quebec he was visited by Capt. W.F.W. Owen, Chief Hydrographer for the Great Lakes. At that time Capt. Owen was making a survey in Lake Ontario and was in search of an assistant. So impressed was he with Bayfield's notebooks when shown them by Capt. Newcombe that he insisted he accompany him back to Kingston. Mindful of the fact that remuneration in the Survey Service was not comparable with service afloat, Bayfield at first resisted Capt. Owen's invitation. Another fact was his limited knowledge of mathematics and the sciences. All he knew was what he was able to teach himself and from what his fellow officers had taught him aboard ship. At that time hydrography was not taught by Admiralty instructors. Bayfield, however, did decide to accompany Capt. Owen back to the Great Lakes Headquarters at Kingston and before the summer ended was working with Capt. Owen and Lieut. A.T. Vidal in the survey of the St. Lawrence River from Galops Rapids to Lake Ontario.

Great Lakes Surveys, 1815-25

While Capt. Owen and Lt. Vidal completed a reconnaissance survey from Lake Ontario to Georgian Bay in the summer of 1815, Bayfield and his assistant Midshipman P.C. Collins, R.N., worked in the region of the Bay of Quinte. During the winter and summer of 1816 Bayfield assisted Capt. Owen with his surveys in the Niagara River and its headwaters in Buffalo, N.Y. With the completion of the Detroit River survey in 1816, Capt. Owen returned to England to compile his charts and left Lieut. Bayfield in temporary charge of the Great Lakes Survey.

In June 1817 while working in Lake Erie, Bayfield was appointed Admiralty Surveyor for the Great Lakes, and it was from this date until 1856 that he made his greatest contributions to the history of Admiralty charting. Surveys in Lake Erie and the St. Clair River were completed by 1819, those for Lake Huron, Georgian Bay and the North Channel by 1822, and those for Lake Superior by 1825. Only in the last two season of his work was Bayfield able to charter a schooner in Lake Superior. Surveys in other seasons were carried out in sailing gigs powered by oars. Soundings along the coasts were made in summer, and the land surveys in winter while living in tents. While in Georgian Bay, Bayfield made the naval base at Penetanguishene his headquarters, and while in Lake Superior, Fort William. In May 1825, at Fort William, Bayfield met Commander John Franklin and his surveyor Lieut. George Back with a party of 33 men bound for the Western Arctic. The survey of Lake Superior was ended in the fall of 1825 and Bayfield with Collins returned to England to compile their charts for the Great Lakes. The first of these charts was published by the Admiralty in September 1828.

Gulf and River St. Lawrence Surveys, 1827-56

In November 1826, Bayfield was promoted to Commander for his work in the Lakes, and in October 1827 we find him with his former assistant Lieut. P.C. Collins, in Quebec surveying the basin and harbour. This was Bayfield's first survey in the River St. Lawrence, and the chart for this survey was published by the Admiralty in February 1829. Until 1841 Commander Bayfield made his headquarters in Quebec, and then transferred to Charlottetown, P.E.I. to be closer to his work. On May 1st 1841 he wrote in his diary the following statement "we were obliged to vacate our office because the Union Building, in which the Colonial Government assigned us an office, are to be given up to the proprietors, and are to be let as an inn or tavern."

In May 1828, Bayfield began his river surveys below Quebec in the newly built and chartered schooner GULNARE. In fact until the year 1912, all continuing Admiralty surveys in Canada were carried out in hired boats and vessels. In the next quarter of a century Bayfield was to charter two other GULNARES before completing his surveys in Nova Scotia. The second GULNARE was acquired in 1844, and the third in 1852. All three GULNARES were two-masted schooners, powered by sail, and ranged from 146 to 212 tons gross. All carried the best of surveying equipment for that period and two survey gigs that were powered by six oars and used by detached survey units. By 1833, the tenders COCKBURN and BEAUFORT had been added to the fleet and used for surveys in the Magdalen Islands. Base headquarters for the River and Gulf Surveys until 1840 were located at Rivière du Loup, P.Q., and each fall when the lower river surveys ended the GULNARE would proceed upstream past Quebec to work in the Lake St. Peter area until the end of her charter period. She would then return to Quebec for wintering, and Capt. Bayfield with his staff would take up winter-quarters in the Colonial Building.

As early as 1825, agitation for a ship channel between Montreal and Quebec began. Five years later Bayfield in the GULNARE was in Lake St. Peter charting the channels from there to Montreal. On October 19th 1831 while crossing the lake he noted the depth of water as being only 14 feet. In October 1834 he remarked, "The waters of the St. Lawrence are lower than we were before noticed them, there is only 10 feet in the lake over the flats."

On May 29th 1833, the GULNARE and the tender BEAUFORT was towed down-stream by the ROYAL WILLIAM, the first steamer to complete a trans-Atlantic crossing from Pictou to England in that year. While being taken in tow, one of the survey gigs was smashed at the davits. In 1833 surveys were begun in the Magdalen Islands by Lieut. P.C. Collins, R.N. in the tenders BEAUFORT and COCKBURN with 8 men. While in Natashquan Harbour that season, Bayfield met the celebrated American naturalist Mr. Audubon in the American schooner RIPLEY. Surveys between Cape Whittle and Mecatina Islands were carried out in tents and boats. In August 1833 Bayfield reached Chateau and Red Bays in the Strait of Belle Isle and remarked that 'Cook's plan of Red Bay, as well as of Chateau Bay is excellent.' Surveys this season were also made in Gaspé Peninsula.

In June 1834 Commander Bayfield was posted as a Maritime Surveyor with the rank of Captain, R.N., and that summer while the cholera epidemic raged in the Province of Quebec, he permitted no one to go ashore until late October while in Lake St. Peter. In his diary, Bayfield wrote about the cholera that 'at least one twentieth of the population of Quebec has been swept away by this second visitation of cholera.' While away in the boats that summer in the Strait of Belle Isle, on arriving back to the GULNARE, he learnt that some of his instruments, supplies and second gig had been stolen by deserters. Trouble was also experienced that season with the crew of the tender BEAUFORT.

The season of 1835 was a strenuous one for Captain Bayfield. Early in August he anchored the GULNARE in Chateau Bay and from there completed his charting surveys along the coast of Labrador in open boats to St. Lewis Inlet. In his diary dated August 17th he wrote, "we are all glad to be on board again, for rougher work than the survey from this to Cape St. Lewis we have seldom experienced." In September 1835 Bayfield learnt of the death of his assistant Lieutenant Collins who had been with him since 1815. He was taken suddenly ill while sounding in the BEAUFORT off Amherst Island and died in the arms of his coxswain from apoplexy before aid could be rendered him. In September 1835, Lieutenant John Orlebar, R.N. of H.M.S. FORTE, joined Capt. Bayfield's staff as assistant. By 1836 Bayfield was able to report that he had supplied a trace cope of the St. Lawrence River from Quebec to Saguenay River to a Mr. Henderson of Quebec, and in the following year 1837, Bayfield's charts from Quebec to the mouth of the River were published by the Admiralty.

Bayfield began his surveys in Northumberland Strait in 1838, and so that he might be closer to the eastern portion of his work he moved his headquarters from Quebec to Charlottetown in May 1841 in the GULNARE. Surveys in 1841 were mainly confined to Prince Edward Island, but in the fall of that year his first survey of Nova Scotia was completed in Pugwash Heads (Harbour). In 1843 Bayfield began the survey of the entrance to Pictou Harbour and that summer joined his old friend and former chief Capt. W.F.W. Owen, R.N. of the Bay of Fundy Survey in 'tying-in' his own survey with this survey to a common meridian. Capt. Owen, in the steam paddle-wheeler COLUMBIA had brought his surveys to the head of the Bay of Fundy from the 'Boston Meridian' whilst Capt. Bayfield brought his to Northumberland Strait from the 'Quebec Meridian'. The COLUMBIA was anchored at the head of Cumberland Basin, and GULNARE at Tignish in Bay Verte. At appointed times flares were sent up by Capt. Owen and the relative times of observations were made with specially rated chronometers. From these observations the geographic co-ordinates of the central monument at Amherst, N.S. was determined. A similar set of flares were set off in Bedford Basin in Halifax Harbour later by Capt. Owen for longitude correction, thus 'tying-in' both surveys with the 'Halifax Meridian'. In 1844 Bayfield visited St. John's Harbour in Newfoundland where he made further observations at Chain Rock Battery to 'tie-in' his Gulf and River St. Lawrence surveys with the 'Newfoundland Meridian'. Thus it was that Bayfield completed the controls of his surveys of the Gulf from the 'Quebec Meridian'.

Charting in the Gut of Canso began in 1846, and in the Island of Cape Breton following the closure of the survey in Prince Edward Island, in 1847. By the fall of 1856 Captain Bayfield had reached his farthest east position, Mars Head (near Halifax) N.S., and in 1857 surveys in Cape Breton ended. In the summer of 1853, Capt. Bayfield with Commander P.F. Shortland, R.N. charted a section of the west coast of Sable Island in the Atlantic Ocean in H.M.S. COLUMBIA.

On October 21, 1856 Captain Bayfield was promoted to the rank of Rear Admiral that ended 40 field seasons on active survey work, 11 seasons in the Great Lakes and 29 season in the Gulf and River St. Lawrence. On April 27, 1863 he was again promoted to the rank of Vice Admiral, and on October 18, 1867, four and a half months after Canada came into existence, he attained the rank of full Admiral with a Greenwich Pension of £150 per annum. Admiral Bayfield continued to reside in Charlottetown until his death on February 10, 1885, aged 90 years.

In the years of his retirement, the Admiral made frequent visits to the park in Charlottetown beside the Provincial Buildings, and on more than one occasion he was sighted by a future Chief Hydrographer of the Canadian Hydrographic Service, Capt. F. Anderson. As a youth, Capt. Anderson, a native of Charlottetown, well remembered seeing the Admiral strolling through the park. In 1892 Capt. Anderson joined the Department of Marine and Fisheries, and in 1893 was appointed assistant to Mr. Stewart upon taking charge of the Georgian Bay Survey from Commander Boulton. Staff Commander Boulton while serving in the Newfoundland Survey from 1871-81 was stationed at Charlottetown and while there also got to know the Admiral quite well. In 1885 upon hearing of his death, Commander Boulton wrote these words about the Admiral, "The Admiralty Surveying Service has produced good men, from Cook onwards, but I doubt whether the British Navy has ever possessed a more gifted and zealous surveyor as Bayfield. He had a marvelous combination of natural talent with tremendous physical energy, and was, I feel convinced, a man who would have gained the summit of any profession he might have honoured, for his thought was for his work. The Admiral wore himself out in the service of his country and the thousands of mariners who have used and still use his charts in navigation of the Gulf of St. Lawrence; for although, he lived considerably longer than the allotted span, yet during the last years of his life, he showed evident signs of the concentrated strain. And in the few conversations I was privileged to have with him in Charlottetown, the irrelevant turn his conversation would occasionally take was always for the scenes of his surveying labours, appearing to me, unmistakably indicative of what he had undergone."

Bayfield's method of hydrographic charting consisted in taking observations at fixed positions ashore for difference of latitude and longitude and the fixing of prominent landmarks and important land features by theodolite. Sextant angles determined the position of longitude by day and latitude by night. Sounding offshore was completed by the GULNARE with the aid of a patent Massey Sounding Machine, whilst for inshore sounding the proverbial lead-line and sailing gigs were employed. A ship's binnacle gave direction, and a patent ship-log determined the distances traversed on the sea. Bayfield himself personally laid down all his determined astronomical observations usually on a Mercator Projection, between which he 'squared-in' the coast details and soundings from the rough sheets.

Fair copies were then carefully drawn and forwarded to the Hydrographer of the Navy for the engravers. Is there any wonder then why a 'Bayfield Chart' was so highly esteemed and revered by both home-trade and foreign-going sea captains in the first half century of the last century.

Source: Soundings, April 1965.

• March 1815 - promoted to Lieutenant.
• 1815 - surveyed in Bay of Quinte
• 1816 - assisted in survey of Niagara River
• June 1817 - appointed in charge of Great Lakes survey
• 1817-19 - surveyed Lake Erie & Lake St. Clair
• 1820-22 - surveyed Lake Huron, Georgian Bay & North Channel
• 1823-25 - surveyed Lake Superior
• fall 1825 - returned to England to prepare charts
• Nov. 1826 - promoted to Commander
• 1827 - started surveying in Gulf & River St. Lawrence
• fall 1827 - surveying Quebec harbour
• 1828 - first of his charts of Great Lakes published
• 1828-30 - surveyed Anticosti Island
• 1830 - surveyed Bear Bay, Anticosti Island (chart 4430a)
• 1832 - surveyed Bay of Chaleur
• 1833-35 - surveyed Magdalen Islands
• 1834 - reached Strait of Belle Isle with his surveys of the Gulf.
• 1835 - surveyed near Cape St. Lewis & St. Lewis Inlet on the Labrador Coast.
• 1836 - surveyed St. Paul Island.
• 1837 - surveyed Northumberland Strait
• May 1841 - moved from Quebec to Charlottetown.
• 1841 - surveyed near PEI & at Pugwash, N.S.
• 1843 - surveyed Pictou. Tied his survey to Owen's in Bay of Fundy
• 1844 - visited St. John's Nfld to tie in longitudes
• 1846 - surveyed Gut of Canso
• 1852-57 - surveyed Bras d'Or Lake (chart 4354)
• 1853 - charted Sable Island
• 1854 - surveyed Ship Harbour, N.S. (chart 4352)
• 1854 - surveyed Popes Head to Charles Island, N.S. (chart 4353)
• 1854 - surveyed Sheet Harbour and area, N.S. (chart 4361)
• 1855 - surveyed Country Harbour, N.S. (chart BA 340)
• 1855 - surveyed Whitehaven, N.S. (chart 4358)
• 1856 - retired.
• Oct. 21, 1856 promoted to Rear Admiral
• 1857 - surveyed Liscomb & Marie Joseph Harbours (chart 4356)
• April 27, 1863 - promoted to Vice Admiral
• 1867 - surveyed C. Sable to Canso (chart (BA 729, 730)
• Oct. 18, 1867 - promoted to full Admiral
• Feb. 10, 1885 - died in Charlottetown, PEI.

William Bayly

• 1776-1780 – the astronomer on Cook’s third voyage of discovery
Bayly Point, B.C. (51° 45’ 00"N, 128° 01’ 00"W) possibly named after him.

D.A. Bayne

• 1960 - classification in 1960: Map Compiler and Computer 4 • April 1963 (CHS org chart)- Chart Compilation (as Map Compiler and Computer 4)

P.R. Bazilewich

   1965 - Hydrographic Assistant - CSS Wm J Stewart - 10 July to 20 Oct
•1965/66-Training-Hydro I (CHS Class Photo)
1966 - Hydrographer - Marabell - Various BC locations
1967 - Hydrographer - Sooke Harb. and Approaches, BC (17 Apr - 10 June and 10 Sept - 20 Oct)
1967 - Hydrographer - CCGS Camsell - Western Arctic (19 June to 7 Sept)

J.U. Beauchemin

• graduate of Montreal Ecole Polytechnique
• 1912-15 - Lake Ontario survey
• 1916 - Lake Superior survey.
• 1917 - Current surveys St. Lawrence R. & Lower St. Lawrence River survey
• 1918 - shore party survey of Halifax and Sydney.
• 1919 - surveyed Liscomb Island to Egg Island, N.S. (chart 4317)
• 1919-20 - Eastern shore, Nova Scotia survey
• 1921 - East side Cape Breton Island & Lake Melville surveys (temporarily in charge)
• 1922 - Hecate Strait survey
• 1924 - Gulf of St. Lawrence & Quatechu Bay survey
• 1925 - Officer in Charge of a shore party, Lunenburg Harbour survey, search survey near Stone Pillar lighthouse.
• 1926 - Officer in Charge of Key Harbour & Winnipeg River surveys.
• 1927 - Officer in Charge of ACADIA, Gulf of St. Lawrence North Shore survey.
• 1928 - Officer in Charge of ACADIA, Saguenay River survey
• 1929 - Officer in Charge of ACADIA, Hudson Bay survey, oceanographic work at Port Churchill and in Hudson Bay & Hudson Strait
• 1930 - Officer in Charge of ACADIA, Sable Island/Newfoundland hydrographic & oceanographic surveys
• 1931 - Officer in Charge of ACADIA, Hudson Bay survey, oceanographic stations.
• 1932-38 - Officer in Charge of ACADIA, North Shore of Gulf of St. Lawrence
• 1933 surveyed Baie Washtawouka to Baie Paishti (North Shore of Gulf) (chart 4455)
• 1939 - Officer in Charge of ACADIA, NE arm of Gulf of St. Lawrence
• 1940 - Officer in Charge of Mahone Bay of Port Hebert & Mahone Bay surveys.
• 1941 - Officer in Charge of Bay of Fundy surveys.
• 1941 - surveyed Alma, N.B. (chart 4337)
• 1941 - surveyed Parrsboro Harbour (chart 4399)
• 1942-43 - Officer in Charge of Conception Bay survey.
• 1945-46 - Officer in Charge of Great Bras d'Or survey
• 1947 - retired.

Bedford, R.N.

• surveyed in Maritime Provinces in 19th Century

E.P. Bedwell

• 1858-62 – as a Master, surveyed Trail I to Cadboro Head, B.C., under Richards (chart BA577)
• 1860 – as a Master, surveyed Strait of Georgia, under Richards (chart BA579)
• 1860 - surveyed off NW part of Vancouver Island (chart BA582)

J.E. Belanger

• 1915 - Chief Engineer, CARTIER
• 1919-22 - Chief Engineer, CARTIER
• 1925 - Chief Engineer, Cartier I, Mingan Str. survey, Gulf of St Lawrence
• 1927-28 - Chief Engineer, CARTIER

Capt. V. Belanger

• 1906-07 - Sailing Master LA CANADIENNE, Lower St. Lawrence survey.
• 1907 - resigned at end of the season.

Captain Sir Edward Belcher, R.N.

• 1832 – OIC (Commander) of HMS SULPHUR, surveyed Columbia River up to Fort Vancouver
• 1839 – surveyed Friendly Cove
• 1852-53 – surveyed Northumberland Sound, Grinnell Penin, Ellesmere I (Chart BA261)

Lieut. A.C. Bell, R.N.

• 1907-09 - on HMS EGERIA, survey of Browning Entrance (chart BA 2453)


   1969 - Student Assistant - Lower St Lawrence Survey (4 May to 31 Aug) from Ottawa

John Bell

• 1931 - transferred from Dominion Water Power Branch, Dept. of the Interior as an experienced draftsman
• 1939 - listed as Principal Map Draftsman
• April 1947 - confirmed as Chief, Chart Construction
• 1960 - classification in 1960: Tech Off 8

(Mrs) Pat Bell

   1966 - Taken on strength, Compilation Unit, Ottawa
1967 - Transferred to Nomenclature Unit, Ottawa

R.D. Bell

   1964 - Taken on strength, Compilation Unit, Ottawa
1967 - Working level compiler, Ottawa
1967 - Transferred to West Coast
• 1973 - headed Regional Chart Compilation Unit, Pacific Region

M. Bellamy

• 1969 - Student Assistant - Rideau Waterway survey, Ont. (5 May - 6 Sept)

Paul Bellemare

Paul is [1998] Director of Planning and Appled Reseach for CHS at Ottawa.  He was previously Regional Director of Hydrography in Quebec (now Laurentian) and Altantic Regions of CHS.  He has a Surveying Engineering degree from Laval University (177) and is a member of the Association of Quebec Lands Surveyors (QLS) and the Association of Canada Lands Surveyors (ACLS).
Source:  Proceedings of 1998 Canadian Hydrographic Conference.

A.T. Bent

   1967 - Hydrographic Assistant - Shore Party # 2 - Ship Harb to Sheet Harb, NS (23 May to 5 Sept)
1967 - Hydrigraphic Assistant - Shore party # 1 - western NS (from 11 Sept to 12 Oct) from NSLSI
• 1967/68-Training-Hydro I
Photos: Hydro I 1967/68
   1968 - Hydrographer - Shore party - Ship Harb. to Sheet Harb., eastern NS
1969 - Hydrographer - CSS Kapuskasing - Revisory survey ,NS and Fogo Isl, NFLD

E.D. Bent

• 1928 - Saguenay River survey.
• 1928 - resigned before end of fiscal year.

Reginald Whitman Bent

Aug 1882 - 1962

• 1914-15 - seasonal employee, water level surveys, St. Lawrence River.
• September 1915 - transferred to CHS.
• 1916-17 - Current surveys St. Lawrence River
• 1917 - Lower St. Lawrence River survey (part of season)
• 1918 - Lower St. Lawrence River survey.
• 1919-20 - Eastern shore, Nova Scotia survey
• 1921 - East side Cape Breton Island & Lake Melville surveys
• 1922 - Eastern Shore, Nova Scotia, surveys
• 1924 - SW Nova Scotia surveys
• 1925 - Havre St. Pierre survey
• 1926 - British Columbia surveys.
• 1927 - Bay of Fundy survey.
• 1928 - Saguenay River survey.
• 1929 - Magdalen Islands survey.
• 1930-31 - North shore of Gulf of St. Lawrence survey
• June 1931 - Officer in Charge of CARTIER, North shore of Gulf (after Bachand's drowning)
• November 1931 - reassigned to Headquarters to write sailing directions
• 1932 - writing sailing directions at Headquarters
• 1933 - checking data for Canadian Ports and Shipping Directory.
• 1934 - writing sailing directions at Headquarters.
• 1935 - writing supplements to Sailing Directions
• 1937-39 - listed as being in charge of Sailing Directions.
• April 1944 - retired.
• Bent Rock (least depth 31 ft), off the North Shore of the Gulf of St. Lawrence named after him.

Harold Berg

 • 1953 - in Chart Compilation
• 1958/59 - reported to be seconded to Tides and Water Levels
• 1962 (CHS org chart)- in Chart Compilation

A. Bergevin

1966 - Summer student - CSS Kapuskasing - Nova Scotia and Gulf of St. Lawrence - ( 17 May to 25 August)

R.K. Beri

1970 - Great Lakes revisory surveys - 4 May to 10 Oct 
1995 – survey of Goderich Harbour

Capt. J.E. Bernier

• 1909 – surveyed Winter Harbour, Melville Island , CGS Arctic (chart BA261)

Bertin (French Navy)

• surveyed Newfoundland in 19th Century

Capt. A. Bertrand

• 1908 - Pilot of steam launch JOSEPHINE, Lake of Two Mountains survey.

J.E. Besserer

   1967 - Joined CHS - working level draftsman - Ottawa
1968 - working level draftsman - Ottawa


Ernie Betteridge

• 1964 – First Officer on Wm.J. STEWART

H.H. Betts

• Nov. 1947 - on staff in chart distribution

Robert Bickerdike, Jnr.

   born 30 Sept 1869 in Quebec (1901 census)

• graduate of Civil Engineering
• 1904 - came from Public Works upon amalgamation, Lake St. Francis survey.
• August 1904 - replaced Mr. S.J. Chapleau as OIC of Lake St. Francis survey.
• 1905-08 - Officer in Charge of Lake St. Francis survey.
• end of season 1908 - resigned.

A.G. Biers

• 1961 - Pacific Region, Clerk (Clerk 4)

Capt. G. Billard

• 1945-47 - Sailing Master, Wm.J. STEWART

                                                                          Robert D. Birch

• 1960 - classification in 1960: Tech Off 4
1962 - Hydrographer in Charge - CHL Cygnet - Ottawa River survey

R. Bisson

   1970 - Student Assistant - Lower St. Lawrence survey - 18 June - 29 Aug

Dr. Johan Bjort

• 1915 - Oceanographic Cruise, ACADIA, from Fisheries Department.

R. Blair

• 1923 - Chief Engineer, BAYFIELD (II).

Harvey R. Blandford


Harvey was born in Burin, Newfoundland in 1924 and was educated in St. John's. He joined the Canadian Merchant Marine in 1940 and the Royal Canadian Navy in 1943. He had an exciting war service with the 1st Canadian Motor torpedo Squadron in the English Channel leading up to D-Day. He was amongst the naval forces providing support to the Canadian Army when they stormed Walcharen. After the war, he returned to the merchant service and served world-wide.

In May 1952, Harvey scored a hat-trick, he earned his certificate as Master (Foreign Going), married Helen, and joined the Canadian Hydrographic Service. His first assignment was to CSS Acadia under Colin Martin, on the east coast of Newfoundland. His fellow hydrographers were Mike Bolton, Ralph Cameron, "Dusty" DeGrasse, Dick Lelievre and Larry Murdock. It is doubtful if many other field parties in that era had as many hydrographers that stayed the course. After a second year on Acadia, Harvey began to spread his wings; in 1954 he was assigned to the USS Burton Island and played a major role in the first joint Canada-USA hydrographic survey in the Canadian Arctic - in the northern portion of Prince of Wales Strait. In 1955, Harvey was the hydrographer on board HMCS Labrador as she surveyed the routes in the previously unknown eastern portion of Foxe Basin for the construction of the DEW Line. In 1956 and 1957, he was senior assistant on CSS Fort Frances then on CSS Baffin for some of the early Decca surveys. In 1958, he was in charge of the shore party, established by CSS Baffin, which surveyed Pike-Resor Channel in Frobisher Bay. A survey that taxed his seamanship to the full with 7 metre tides, five knot currents driving ice floes back and forth and a slack water which is only "a short period of turbulence between tidal streams". Life in a wooden sounding launch with a top speed of 5 knots must have been exciting, to say the least.

In 1959, Harvey went north for more pioneering as the first hydrographer assigned to the Polar Continental Shelf Project when fixed wing aircraft or skidoos were the only method of transportation and soundings were obtained by drilling or blasting a hole in the ice and using a Lucas sounding machine to lower a lead weight. on his return south, he put a regular five month field season as Officer-in-Charge of CSS Carter.

In 1964, Harvey carried out another first when he was Officer-in-Charge of CSS Baffin when she carried out the first multi-parameter survey where the hydrographers were joined by scientists from Energy, Mines and Resources and gravity and magnetic data were collected simultaneously with soundings. 1965 was the last year Harvey spent in the field in the placid waters of the Trent Severn Waterway.

In 1968, Harvey was appointed to the newly created position of Assistant Regional Hydrographer, Central Region. He returned to Headquarters in 1972 as Chief, Hydrographic Planning and Development, and in 1975 became Chief, later Director, of Navigation Publications and Maritime Boundaries. He retired from the CHS on Oct. 31, 1983.

Source: Lighthouse, Nov. 1983, p. 58.

• 1952-53 - Cape Spear area.
• 1954 - on US icebreaker BURTON ISLAND - Beaufort Sea and Western Canadian Arctic
1955 - HIC of hydrographic operations on HMCS LABRADOR
• 1958 - in charge of shore-based party in Frobisher Bay
• 1961 - on JOHN A. MacDONALD, Nansen Sound
•  April 1963 (CHS org chart)- Central Region, Field Officer (Technical Officer 7)
1964 - Hydrographer in Charge - CSS Baffin - Bay of Fundy survey (from Ottawa)
1965 - Hydrographer in Charge (to 23 June) - Trent-Severn Waterway Survey, Ontario

Dave Blaney

March 31, 2007 was Dave Blaney’s last day of a distinguished career with CHS Atlantic.  Dave had 35 years of service at the time of his retirement.  He spent several years in the field, sailing on a number of hydrographic and charter ships, and he was legendary as a knowledgeable, fair and organized Hydrographer in Charge (HIC).  In 1976, Dave was pulled out of the water after the charter vessel MV Christmas Seal caught fire and sank 3 hours outside of Halifax Harbour.  Dave spent the last four years with the Tidal section, travelling throughout all parts of the Atlantic Region installing and maintaining water level equipment.  All of CHS will miss Dave, his expertise and work ethic and we wish him a very happy retirement.

Retirement News from CHS Atlantic (2007)

Ken Blatz

• 1962 (CHS org chart)- in Chart Compilation

H.T. Bleeks (Mrs.)

• 1961 - Chart Production, Stenographer (Typist 1).

Captain William Bligh, R.N.

• 1778 – Sailing Master of HMS RESOLUTION (Capt. Cook)
Bligh Island , Nootka, B.C. (49° 39’ 15”N, 126° 31’ 00”W) named after him
Bligh Reef (Prince William Sound, Valdez Alaska) named after him

M. Blondin

   1966 - taken on strength - drafting section - Ottawa
1967 - working level draftsman - Ottawa
1968 - working level draftsman - Automation - Ottawa

E. Blunden

• 1860 – as a Master’s Asst., surveyed Strait of Georgia, under Richards (chart BA579)
• 1860 - surveyed off NW part of Vancouver Island (chart BA582)

Steve Bockmaster

Joined   23 Jan 78   
29.86301 Yrs of service

1985                        Chart Production                    Paul Warren
1988                        Chart Production                    Bruce Richards
1989                        Chart Production                    Bruce Richards
1990                        Chart Production                    Bruce Richards
1991                        Georgian Bay survey               Paul Davies
Apr '91 - Mar '92        Chart Production                   Bruce Richards
Apr '92 - Oct '92        Supervisor Unit #3                 Bruce Richards
1993                        ENC                                     Brent Beale
1994                        ENC                                     Brent Beale
1995                        ENC                                     Brent Beale
1996                        ENC                                     Sean Hinds
1998                        Product Maintenance             Mike Johnston
1999                        Product Maintenance & ENC   Mike Johnston & Sandy Bishop
2000                        NIO                                     Sandy Bishop
2001                        NIO                                     Craig Fisher
2002                        New Charting                       Craig Fisher
2003                        New Charting                       Craig Fisher
2004                        New Charting                       Craig Fisher

N.E. Bohatyretz

• 1966 - Summer student - CSS Acadia - Magdalen Islands (Que) and Newfoundland - (25 May - 30 Aug)
1967 - Summer student - Ottawa River, Chats dam to Brysen dam (15 May to Oct) from E.O.I.T.
1969 - Hydrographer - St. Lawrence and Lower Ottawa River Survey, Que
1969/70 Hydrography I training course
1970 - Hydrographer - Navgational Ranges survey - Lake St Peter to Montmagny, P.Q. - 4 May to 26 Sept

Joseph Boisvert

• 1904 - Chief Engineer, DELEVIS, St. Lawrence River survey.
• 1905-07 - Chief Engineer, LA CANADIENNE, Lower St. Lawrence survey.
• 1907 - resigned at end of the season.

Mike Bolton

1929 - 2005

Mike Bolton retired as regional director of hydrography, Pacific Region of CHS. A native of Lancashire, England, he came to Canada in 1940. After obtaining a diploma in engineering from Carleton University, he spent two years with the Topographical Surveys before joining CHS circa 1951. For 13 years, he surveyed waters off Canada's east coast, in the Arctic and the Caribbean Sea. He was in the hydrographic survey party attached to HMCS Labrador when she became the first Canadian naval vessel (and first deep draft ship) to sail the Northwest Passage in 1954. He was the first chairman of the Marine Sciences Branch Committee on Training and Career Planning and in 1964 was appointed the first regional hydrographer of Central Region and hydrographer-in-charge aboard CSS Baffin during the first Canadian hydrographic and oceanographic survey in the Caribbean. In 1968, he was appointed regional hydrographer of Pacific Region. In 1975, he received a merit award for his contribution to the Canadian participation in GATE.

In 1981, he obtained his commission as a Canada lands Surveyor.
Sources: The Canadian Surveyor Annual Report 1975, p. 365.
The Canadian surveyor, June 1980, p. 202.
The Canadian Surveyor, June 1982, p. 217.

• 1951 - St. Lewis Sound (Lab.) survey (FS 2274)
• 1952-53 - Cape Spear area.
• 1954 - on HMCS LABRADOR in Northwest Passage
1956 - HIC, HMCS Labrador, Eastern Arctic (Dew Line)
• 1958 – Officer in Charge of ARCTIC SEALER, Rankin Inlet survey (FS 2627)
• 1959 - Officer in Charge of ARCTIC SEALER, Hudson Strait.
• 1960 - classification in 1960: Tech Off 7
•  April 1963 (CHS org chart)- In charge of Hydrographic Training (as Technical Officer 7)
1964 winter - HIC - Baffin - Aruba and British Virgin Islands hydrgraphic surveys

George W. Booth

• 1961 - Headquarters Staff, Admin Officer (Technical Officer 3).

A.R. Borrowman

• 1911-32 - Chief Engineer, LILLOOET.
• 1932 - came ashore on the retirement of the LILLOOET
• Is Borrowman Bay (Hecate Strait area) named after him?

R.A. Bottriel

• 1960 - classification in 1960:  Draftsman 3
• April 1963 (CHS org chart)- Chart Revision Compilation (as Map Compiler and Computer 4)
1968 - Supervisor - Chart Compilation - Ottawa

Y. Bouchard

   1970 - Student Assistant - Lake of the Woods survey ( June 02 - Sept 5)

Joseph Bouchette

• 1815 - Surveyor General of Lower Canada.

H.A. ("Hank") Boudreau

   1965 - 7 June - 30 Sept Summer Student - CSS Baffin
1965 - Taken on strength, CHS - CSS Baffin (shore party) - south shore of Nova Scotia and New Brunswick
• 1965/66-Training-Hydro I (Class Photo)
1965 - 7 June - 30 Sept Summer Student - CSS Baffin
1965 - Taken on strength, CHS - CSS Baffin (shore party) - south shore of Nova Scotia and New Brunswick
• 1965/66-Training-Hydro I (Class Photo)
1966 - Hydrographer - CSS Kapuskasing - Nova Scotia and Gulf of St. Lawerence - (May to 9 Sept)
• 1983 –Strait of Belle Isle survey (FS 4962)

Capt. A. Boudreault

• 1929 - Captain of Coudres Island Lightship, submitted slack water data.
• 1934-36 - Sailing Master, GULNARE.

C. Boulanger

•  1966 - Hydrographer - CSS Baffin - Tail of the Bank (31 Aug to 19 Sept)

G.H.G. Boulton

• 1899-1901 - seasonal assistant
• Meehan speculates whether he is a relative of Cdr. J.G. Boulton.

Staff Commander John George Boulton


CANADA'S FIRST HYDROGRAPHIC SURVEYOR - JOHN GEORGE BOULTON was in his 41st year, and had served in the Royal Navy some 26 years before coming to Canada in 1883 to commence the resurvey of Georgian Bay. Born in England November 29th, 1842, he was in the Royal Navy before his fifteenth birthday. In December 1857, he was a 'Master Assistant' to Capt. H.C. Otter, R.N., HMS PORCUPINE, Survey of the West Coast of Scotland; and in 1858 Capt. Otter was sent to Newfoundland where he took part in survey operations in connection with the laying of the first Atlantic cable in Bull's Arm, Trinity Bay.

When the Australian Colonial Survey was formed in 1860, it was placed under Commander H.L. Cox, R.N., HM Steam Frigate CURACOA, with headquarters at Victoria. Master Assistant Boulton was then posted to this station where he remained until 1867. On December 6th, 1863 he was successful in "Passing in Seamanship" and was then reappointed 'Second Master' HMS ECLIPSE on this station. Before the month of December ended, he held this rank in HMS CURACOA, with this proviso, "additional for Surveying Duties". During the Maori War in the Pacific Ocean, Second Master Boulton was detached from the Australian Survey for special work in New England. When the Admiralty oceanographic vessel HMS CHALLENGER was in Australia during her world cruise Second Master Boulton had the honour of being enlisted as one of her officers, from October 1st, 1866 to June 1867, and as usual "additional for Surveying Duties".

Just prior to Canada's Confederation, on June 3rd, 1867 Second Master Boulton was posted to the South African Station at the Cape of Good Hope, and was re-appointed 'Navigating Sub-Lieutenant', HMS SERINGAPATAM (Receiving Ship at this station). Note: In 1867 the ranks of Master and Second Master were abolished, and renamed Navigating Lieutenant and Navigating Sub-Lieutenant. His appointment to SERINGAPATAM was labelled 'for Surveying Service', and he was paid as a Second Class Assistant from December 9th, 1867. On January 1st, 1870, Navigating Sub-Lieutenant Boulton was advanced to the grade of Assistant Surveyor First Class. Then on account of illness contracted on the South African Survey, he sought permission to return to England, and this was approved by the Admiralty July 12, 1871.

The next tour of duty by this Admiralty Surveyor was in what was now known as Canadian Waters. On April 10th, 1872, his name appears among the list of officers of HMS ROYAL ALFRED, the Flagship of North American and West Indies Squadron, and as usual 'additional for Surveying Service'. He was then posted to HMS Newfoundland Survey, at that time in charge of Navigating Lieutenant Wm. F. Maxwell, R.N., in the hired steamer GULNARE, and with headquarters at 'Charlotte Town', P.E.I. Here Boulton was to remain until 1881. In the ensuing years besides charting the seacoasts of Newfoundland and Labrador, he assisted with the recharting of Port Hood Harbour, N.S. in 1873; and Beaujeu Bank and Channel, in the River St. Lawrence below Quebec, in 1874. In 1875, Navigating Lieutenant Maxwell was promoted to the rank of Staff Commander, R.N. (Staff Captain 1893). It was not, however, until June 7th, 1879 that Lieutenant Boulton attained this rank, and still attached to HMS Newfoundland Survey under Staff Commander Maxwell.

In March 1880, the Newfoundland Government requested the Admiralty's assistance for the fisheries investigation along the coast of Labrador, and Staff Commander Boulton was detached from the Newfoundland Survey and sent north to report "on the feasibility of surveying the coast from Nain to Chidley." As instructed, he embarked from Rigolet in Hamilton Inlet early in August on the Hudson's Bay northern supply steam-vessel, and made a return voyage to Fort Chimo in Ungava Bay. Davis Inlet was visited twice, and Nachvak Bay once. Many prominent headlands and uncharted islands along this coast, including Cape 'Chudleigh' (Chidley), were positioned. Plans for several small harbours and fishing anchorages were made, and the coast pilots amended. In a letter to Staff Commander Maxwell dated April 26th, 1881, the Hydrographer stated, "the labours of Staff Commander Boulton on the coast of Labrador in 1880 are being embodied in charts and a hydrographic notice, and I hope these will be ready before the fishery season on that coast next season". Upon receipt of instructions from the Hydrographer, Staff Commander Boulton and his family returned to England July 28th, 1881, so that he might take his examination in pilotage for first class ships.

Following this examination and a brief period of leave, Staff Commander Boulton was posted to the Survey of the West Coast of England in the hired vessel KNIGHT ERRANT. Not too happy with this assignment, he petitioned the Admiralty on October 24th, 1881 to be returned to North America and sent to Hudson Bay the following year in the Hudson's Bay steamer. To this request he was informed, "nothing can be said decisively, but your wishes for employment in this direction will certainly be kept in view". Again, on June 7th, 1882 Boulton requested he be appointed a 'naval assistant' to the Hydrographer, but not having passed his pilotage examination sooner, the Hydrographer wrote him as follows on October 3rd, 1882, "without therefore intending to imply the slightest disparagement to your long service as an Assistant Surveyor - I am constrained to appoint an officer who has this service in having had charge of a Ship of War on active foreign service".

Probably aware of the Dominion Government's request of the Admiralty for a surveyor to undertake the recharting of Georgian Bay, Staff Commander [Boulton] offered his service if such a Canadian survey should be undertaken. Then on July 11th, 1883 he was recommended by the Admiralty to the Dominion Government to commence the Georgian Bay Survey, with full pay and allowances as in the Royal Navy. He then left England early in August and arrived in Ottawa the 13th, where he reported to the Deputy Minister of Marine and Fisheries, Mr. Wm. Smith. Then having discussed with Departmental officials the conduct of this resurvey, he left the Capital and arrived at Collingwood August 15th. On April 12th, 1893 Staff Commander Boulton severed his connections with the Department of Marine and Fisheries, but to April 24th, his name was still being carried on Flagships of the North American and West Indies Squadron, and as usual 'for additional surveying service'. The names of these Flagships while he was in Canada were HMS NORTHAMPTON August 2nd, 1883 to March 1st, 1886; HMS BELLEROPHON March 2nd, 1886 to March 23rd, 1892; and HMS BLAKE March 24th, 1892 to April 24th, 1893.

Upon his return to the Admiralty Hydrographical Office, Staff Commander Boulton served as a 'Naval Assistant to the Hydrographer' from April 25th, 1893 to February 11th, 1898. On December 28th, 1896, he was promoted to the rank of Staff Captain, and at his own request he retired from active duty February 12th, 1898. He continued, however, with his work for an additional six months, and on August 8th, 1989 left the Royal Navy with the rank of Captain, R.N. (Retired).

Following his retirement, Captain Boulton returned to Canada and took up residence in Quebec City. Here he resided until January 1909 when at the request of his former First Assistant (Mr. Wm.J. Stewart, now Chief Hydrographer), he returned to Ottawa to write the first Canadian volume of sailing directions for the River St. Lawrence from Quebec to Kingston. This work was written from surveys by the Public Works Department 1896-1904, and the Hydrographic Survey 1904-1906. In January 1914 he again returned to Ottawa to rewrite a new volume of his original sailing directions for Georgian Bay and the North Channel, together with description for the Canadian Shores of Lake Huron. This was to be Captain Boulton's last official connection with the Canadian Hydrographic Survey (Hydrographic Service 1928), and on May 24th 1929 he died at Quebec City in his 87th year.

In 1884 when in charge of the Georgian Bay Survey, the Dominion Government decided to send its first expedition to Hudson Bay. A committee of the House of Commons sought his advice and recommendations on this matter, and it was to his credit that most of his proposals were adopted by the Government in detail. His suggestion that "there should be six or seven small parties taken out in the vessel, to be landed in the Straits, left all winter and picked up in the spring..." was a major adoption. In later years, Dominion Hydrographer Mr. R.J. Fraser wrote "it is notable that the Canadian Hydrographic Service's expeditions and exploratory surveys, 1910 to 1914, and others after the war along the lines of Boulton's recommendations, and Gordon's 'Neptune' expedition."

A writer of numerous technical and historical articles, Staff Commander Boulton also prepared two papers in the early 1890s which he read before the Annual Meeting of the Dominion Land Surveyors Association (see Canadian Surveyor): one of which was on the 'British Government Surveys', and the other 'Water Levels in the Great Lakes'. But of all his writings none was of more personal concern to him than the paper he read before the Historical Society of Quebec Sessions 1909-1910 on the 'Life of Admiral Henry Wolsey Bayfield, R.N., F.R.S.". When with Staff Commander Maxwell on the Newfoundland survey, he was stationed during the winter months at Charlottetown, P.E.I., and whilst here he got to know 'the Admiral' quite well before his death in 1885. In their frequent conversations, Captain Boulton probably learned from Admiral Bayfield many first-hand accounts of hydrography about the waters of the Great Lakes - years prior to his own appointment as Canada's first hydrographic surveyor for these inland waters.

Source: Meehan, The History of the Canadian Hydrographic Service -from its inception to the end of the Second World War, Unpublished Manuscript

• 1871-81 - served under Cdr. (later Capt.) Maxwell on Newfoundland Survey
• 1872-89 - As a Staff Cdr., survey of S Nfld - under Maxwell (chart BA 2141, 2142)
• 1873 - survey of C. St. Charles-Sandwich Bay, Lab. - under Maxwell (chart BA 263)
• 1873 - Surveyed Port Hood, N.S. -under Cdr. Maxwell
• 1873 - survey of C. St. Charles-Sandwich Bay, Lab. (chart BA 263)
• 1873 – survey of Curlew Harbour – under Maxwell (chart BA251)
• 1873-75 survey of Sandwich Bay to Nain – under Maxwell (chart B!375)
• 1873-76 – survey of Boulter Rock to Domino Run – under Maxwell (chart BA112)
• 1874 – survey of Port Charlotte, Mecklenburg & Sophia Hbrs – under Maxwell (BA 133)
• 1874 - survey of Domino Run – under Maxwell (chart BA226)
• 1874 - survey of Occasional Harbour – under Maxwell (chart BA225)
• 1874 – surveyed Long Harbour, Placentia Bay, under Maxwell (chart BA3266)
• 1874 - surveyed Beaujeu Channel & Bank - under Cdr. Maxwell.
• 1875 – survey of Entrance to Hamilton Inlet – under Maxwell (chart BA222)
• 1877-81 - survey C. St. John-Toulinguet - under Maxwell (chart BA 285)
• 1879 – surveyed in Notre Dame Bay, under Maxwell (chart BA3091)
• 1880 - surveyed Pictou Harbour, N.S.
• 1877-81 - survey C. St. John-Toulinguet - under Maxwell (chart BA 285)
• 1880 - surveyed Pictou Harbour, N.S.
• 1883 - in charge of Georgian Bay Survey
• 1885 - surveyed Miramichi Bay, Shediac Bay & Harbour
• February 1909 - hired to write Sailing Directions for St. Lawrence River (Quebec to Montreal)
• January 1914 - hired to rewrite the Georgian Bay and North Channel Pilot
• Boulton Reef (45° 54'N, 81° 51'W) named after him.
• Boulton Rock (54º 01’N, 56º 41’W) probably named after him.

Miss Janet M. Bourassa

• 1960 - classification in 1960: Asst. Technician 1
•  April 1963 (CHS org chart)- Chart Correction (Assistant Technician 2)
• 1964 – transferred from chart Corrections to Dept. of Transport

H. Bourdon

• 1931- of the Dept. of the Interior, appointed clerical assistant.
• 1932 - sometimes assigned to chart distribution.
• 1937 - transferred to Map Service

A.O. Bourdonnais

• 1903 - seasonal assistant, Lake Superior
• 1904 - regular assistant as of amalgamation.
• 1904-05 - Lake Superior survey.

Leroy T. Bowes

• 1913-15 - James Bay survey
• 1916-17 - Kingston Harbour survey
• 1919 - Kingston harbour survey.
• 1919-21 - St. Lawrence River estuary survey.
• 1921 - Lake Melville surveys
• 1922-23 - St. Lawrence River estuary survey.
• 1923 - Saguenay River survey
• 1924 - assisted Tidal Surveys with calculations during the winter
• Spring 1925 - died.
Bowes Island (Lake Superior) (48° 41’N, 87°00’W) possibly

E.D. Bowlby

•1965/66-Training-Hydro I (CHS Class Photo)
1966 - Left CHS


P.N. Bowles-Evans

• 1939 - SE Georgian Bay survey.
• 1940 - St. Lawrence River survey.
• 1941-42 - Gulf of St. Lawrence surveys
• late 1942 or early 1943 - resigned.

R.E. Boyd

• 1967 - Student Assistant - CSS Maxwell - Atlantic Provinces - (10 May to 11 Aug) from EOIT 

K.D. (Ken)  Brading

• Sept. 1947 - on staff in chart distribution
• 1958 - Tides and Water Levels, Precise Water Levels

Lieut. V.R. Brandon

• 1901-04 – surveyed Nanoose, under Parry (chart BA3517)
• 1904 Hydrographer, HMS Egeria  November 1904, Nanimo area.
• 1905-08 – surveyed Moresby Pass & Gabriola Pass, under Parry (chart BA3618, BA3619)

A.D. Brannon

• 1939 - east coast of Cape Breton survey.

T.S. Bremner

• 1938 - hired by Pacific Coast office.
• 1939-40 - Malaspina Strait survey.
• fall 1940 - resigned.

T.N. Brekko

• 1966 - Summer student - Wm J. Stewart - Edye Pass to Bell Pass, BC Coast - (2 June - 27 Aug) from S.T.I.

H. Brewer

• 1929 - North Shore, Gulf of St. Lawrence survey.
• 1929 - resigned at end of field season.

Bill Briggs



1997 - 1998       Revisory Survey                        Raj Beri
1999 - 2004       New Editions Unit - NPD            Mike Read
2000 New Editions Unit - NPD Mike Read

1968 - 1972       Machinist & Tig welder at Higginson
Equipment sales in Hydraulics
1972                North of L. Winnipeg survey                  5 months
1973                Local Hamilton Harbour
1974                Kenora Winnipeg River survey               4 months
1975                St. Lawrence                                       1 month
1975                Chesterfield Inlet & Baker Lake             3 months
1976                Fort George (James Bay)                      2 months
1977                Summer surveying                               6 months
1977                Beicher Island                                     1 month
1978                Summer surveying                               6 months
1978                Byan Martin Island                               2 months
1979                Dundas Island                                     6 weeks
1980-81            Prince of Wales                                 6 weeks each year = 12 weeks
1982                Banks Island                                       6 weeks
1982                Summer surveying                              5 months
1983                Summer surveying                              5 months
1983                Ice island north of Ellesmere               6 weeks
1984 - 1987      Gulf of Bootha                                   6 - 8 weeks/season = 28 weeks
1988 - 1990      Manitoulin Island                                 4 months/year = 12 months
1990               Louis M. Lauzier                                 18 months
1992 - 2000     Office & CCGS GRIFFEN ?
2001               Beaufort Sea                                      6 weeks
2002               Lake Temiskaming                              5 weeks
2003               Beaufort Sea                                      5 weeks
2004 - 05         Office & some field work ?

E.D. (Ted) Brignell

  1954 - Assistant, CGS Fort Frances, Nfld & St Pierre Miquelon
• 1960 - classification in 1960: Tech Off 4
• April 1963 (CHS org chart)- Central Region, Field Officer (Technical Officer 4)
1964 - Senior assistant hydrographer - CSS Cartier - Great Lakes survey
1965 - Hydrographer - CSS Cartier - Lake Erie
1966 - Field assignment, Central Region - Lake Surveillance
1967 - Hydrographer - Lake Surveillance Program

Hon. L.P. Brodeur

• 1910 - Minister of the Naval Service.

Nav. Lt. G.S. Brodie

• As a Nav. Sub-Lt., surveyed Lama Passage & Seaforth Channel, under Pender (chart BA2449)
• 1868 As a Nav. Lt., surveyed Nass Bay, B.C. , under Pender (chart BA2190)

D. Brooks

• 1966 (Field assignment, Atlantic Region) - Current surveys


• 1792 – In command of CHATHAM, surveys Puget Sound, Strait of Georgia, Fitz Hugh Sound.
• Broughton Strait and Broughton Island named after him

B.(R.or C.) Brouse

• 1960 - classification in 1960:  Draftsman 3
• April 1963 (CHS org chart)- Chart Drafting and Reproduction, Unit 1 A, (Draftsman 3)

Cesaire Brousseau

born 28 Sept 1869 in United States (1901 census)

• 1904 - came from Public Works upon amalgamation as a map draftsman.
• 1904 - Lake St. Francis survey.

Capt. Alex. Brown

• 1912 - Sailing Master, LA CANADIENNE, Lake Superior survey
• 1912 - retired at end of season.

Earl Brown  

Autobiography (2009) :

  1. 1938    -

I was born August 31, 1938 , and spent my early years on a mixed farm in southern Saskatchewan , near the village of Estuary .    Schooling for grades one and two was received at Caithness , a one room country school with a teacherage, just north of the farm.   At the age of eight, in 1947, the family moved to a larger farm near Coleville , Saskatchewan .  This larger farm and home were needed to accommodate our family of fourteen children.  The remainder of my schooling, up to and including grade eleven, was obtained in a three room school in the village of Coleville .   I was bussed to McKenzie high school in the town of Kindersley for grade twelve.

In the fall of 1958, I enrolled and was accepted into a Surveying Technology course at the Provincial Institute of Technology and Art (now called Southern Alberta Institute of Technology) in Calgary , Alberta .   Following graduation in 1960, and after an interview by D’Arcy Charles, I and three other graduates, Neil Anderson, Ross Douglas and Eldon Bruns, joined the Canadian Hydrographic Service (CHS) in Ottawa .   All of us except Eldon made a career in the CHS, and I’m pleased we all kept in touch over the years.  

My early years with the CHS were rewarding and exciting with more that fifty percent of the time spent in the field.  There was a significant cultural difference between life on the farm and working with the CHS on shore parties and ships.  However, just like on the farm, the hours were long and there were no instant rewards, that is, there was no paid overtime.

There was a considerable variety of assignments in the early 1960’s.   Time on shore parties, summer and winter, and on the ships Arctic Sealer, North Star IV and Acadia , as well as a winter survey in the Caribbean on the Baffin have a special place in my memory.   These were good years.  Each survey was unique and special but my two seasons on the Acadia were particularly memorable.

In 1965, I was on a rotational assignment with the Tides & Water Levels Division. My main assignment of revising and completing the Tidal Manual for hydrographers was successfully completed.

In 1966, I was fortunate and perhaps a little bit lucky to be named Hydrographer – in - Charge (HIC) of the Georgian Bay survey based out of Tobermory , Ontario .  But sometimes one’s fate is determined by circumstance.  In this instance, Barrie Macdonald was named HIC and I was to be senior assistant.   Prior to the beginning of the survey, Barrie won a competition for another position working out of Burlington , Ontario and because of his departure I was asked to assume the HIC position for the Georgian Bay survey.

I remained as HIC of the Georgian Bay survey for 1967 and 1968, and during these two years, a sub-party at Port Severn was included as part of the survey.  They were interesting, rewarding and productive years.  At Tobermory, we were the first survey to use the new high speed Bertram launches, the Brant and the Bittern, which replaced the old wooden displacement launches.   We were also the first survey to use the newly developed Mini-Fix and the Hydrodist as positioning systems. 

In 1969, I was assigned to the Development Group and on July 1, 1969 , I was promoted to head the Central Region Development Group.   It was interesting to be part of the group that implemented the new PDP-8 computers to the CHS.

In 1969, there was also a serious start at automating the field data processing systems.   Data collected on the St. Lawrence survey that was based at Tadoussac , Quebec was remotely processed at our office in Ottawa .   This was the year of “HYPOS” under some considerable stress.  

1970 was another good year.  My marital status was changed from single to married and our Regional office moved from Ottawa to Burlington , Ontario .

A significant achievement in the early 1970’s was the successful implementation of the Gerber 22 plotting system and the automated process for drawing lattices for field sheets.

During the years 1969 to 1971, I was instructor on electronic positioning systems to the Hydrography II program.

In 1972, I was HIC of a Production-Development survey operating out of Killarney , Ontario .  Also in 1972, I was responsible for developing specifications and monitoring the activities of the first contract hydrographic survey to be awarded by the C.H.S.   Similar activities were my responsibility in 1973 and 1974. 

On April 2, 1973 , I began an acting assignment as Assistant Regional Hydrographer, the position which I won by competition effective December 1, 1973 .   As Assistant Regional Hydrographer, I was responsible for heading the field organization comprised of forty to forty-six personnel and managing the operations of between 10 to 12 field programs each year.

In 1982, I became qualified as a Canada Lands Surveyor. 

Up until 1988, I continued with the duties of the Assistant Regional Hydrographer, however during the Director’s frequent and lengthy absences,

I assumed the duties of Director, Hydrography.

In 1988, I competed for and won the position of Director, Hydrography, Central Region.    (Later the regional boundaries were changed and Central Region’s responsibility included the Arctic and the position title was changed to reflect the new region ‘Central and Arctic Region’).  

I was a member of the Canadian Institute of Surveying and Mapping (now known as Canadian Institute of Geomatics) for many years and was member of the Institute’s Hydrographic Technical Committee from 1968 to 1972.   I was chairman of the Niagara Branch of the institute for the years 1977 and 1978.

I was a member of the Canadian Hydrographic Association since it’s inception in 1966.   I was Vice-President of Central Branch in 1970 and National President in 1975.

On May 30, 1997 , I retired from the Canadian Hydrographic Service after 37 rewarding, interesting and enjoyable years.  

In retirement, I continue to be active in the Canadian Hydrographic Association with involvement with Lighthouse, Surveyor and Friends of Hydrography.

1960  -  joined Canadian Hydrographic Service  May 23, 1960

1960  -  assigned to the shore based survey at Moosonee , Ontario
                        -          HIC,  Bob Golding
                        -          Significant launch, CSL Le Moyne

      1960  -   assigned to Moose River winter survey based at Moose Factory,
                   Ontario .   November 1960 to January 1961
                              -          HIC, Bob Golding

      1961  -   assigned to the charter ship survey “Arctic Sealer”
-    HIC, Russ Melanson
Worked primarily at
Lake Melville , Labrador

      1961  -   The Arctic Sealer and North Star IV happened to be in Goose Bay  
                     Labrador at the same time.   The Arctic Sealer was working nearby                                           and the North Star was in port to get radar parts.

                      Hydrographer Ron Logan departed the North Star and returned to
                    Ottawa .  I was asked to leave the Arctic Sealer and join the North
Star survey effective
July 26, 1961

      1961  -   The North Star struck an uncharted shoal and sank on August 14,  1961. 

       1961  -   After a few days on Grey Goose Island and on the Hudson ’s Bay 
Company ship
Fort Severn , that had come to our rescue, Ted 
James Bay to Moosonee.

    1961    - I was assigned to the shore based survey at Moosonee for the
balance of the season.  Once again Bob Golding was the HIC.  

1962   -  Assigned to the CHS survey ship Acadia working in Nova Scotia ,
               PEI   and Newfoundland
                      -          HIC, J.E.V. Goodwill

       1963  -  Again assigned to the Acadia working in the Maritimes
                              -          HIC,  J.E.V. Goodwill

  1. 1964     -  Assigned to the CSS Baffin survey operating in the Caribbean .                            Sailed from Dartmouth in early January.  Spent six weeks on a shore          Tortola , British Virgin   Islands. 

                 Another six weeks were spent based on the Baffin doing offshore
                 work around the island of Tortola .  

                              -    HIC  of shore based survey was T.B. Smith (Bert)
                              -          HIC of Baffin was Mike Bolton

       1964  -  Assigned to the shore party based at Portneuf , Quebec , completing
St Lawrence River

  1. 1965     -  Rotational assignment with Tides and Water Levels Group.

       1966  -   HIC Georgian Bay Survey based at Tobermory , Ontario

       1967  -   HIC Georgian Bay Survey based at Tobermory with sub party at  
Severn , Ontario .

  1. 1968       -  HIC Georgian Bay Survey based at Tobermory with sub party at
    Severn and Honey Harbour .

1969  -   Assumed duties as Head, Central Region Development Group.

1970  -   Regional Office moved from Ottawa to Burlington , Ontario .

1973  -   Assumed duties as Assistant Regional Hydrographer, Central 

  1. 1974    -  Seconded to CHS Headquarters in Ottawa , Nov. 12 to Dec. 20 to act
  2. 1988    -  Assumed duties as Regional Director, Central and Arctic Region.  
  3.  1997  -  Retirement
  1. End of Autobiography


Earl Brown graduated from the Provincial Institute of Technology and Art (now, Southern Alberta Institute of Technology) in 1960, and on May 24, 1960 began working for the Canadian Hydrographic Service.  He worked as a field hydrographer on several ship and shore based surveys in James Bay, Hudson Bay (where he was hydrographer at the time of the sinking of North Star IV), the east coast of Newfoundland and the St. Lawrence River and even in the British Virgin Islands.  He was always proud to have served aboard CSS Acadia, a legend in the CHS fleet of ships.  From 1966 to 1968, Earl was the Hydrographer in charge of the Georgian Bay Survey.  In 1969, Earl became the Manager of the Hydrographic Development Section, then in 1973 took the position of Assistant Regional Hydrographer.  Earl had several opportunities to act as Regional Hydrographer from 1983 until 1988 when he became the Regional Director of Hydrography, Central and Arctic Region.

Source: Lighthouse, Spring 1995, p. 35.
Lighthouse, No. 56, Fall 1997, p. 44.

From CHS records:

• 1960 - classification in 1960: Tech Off 1
• April 1963 (CHS org chart)- Central Region, Field Officer (as Technical Officer 2)
1964 (winter) - Hydrographer - CSS Baffin - British Virgin Islands survey
1964 - (14 June to end of season) Hydrographer, St. Lawrence River survey
1966 -  Hydrographer in Charge, Entrance to Georgian Bay - shore party 
1967 - Hydrographer in Charge, Georgian Bay Survey - Entrance to Georgian Bay and Port Severn to Parry Sound.
1968 - Hydrographer in Charge - Georgian Bay survey
1970 - Hydrographic Development - Kapuskasing - Northumberland Str (21 Oct - 24 Oct)

J. Brown

• October 1924 - hired as senior copper plate engraver.
• 1924-39 - senior copper plate engraver.

J.A. Brown

• 1946 - Inside Passage surveys.
• 1947 - May 1950 - Officer in Charge & Captain of PARRY, Inside passage survey.
1950 - June - Oct. - Officer in Charge, shore party, Yukon River Storage and Power Project.
• 1951 - 52 - Officer in Charge, PARRY, Tidal and Hydrographic surveys
•  1953 - 57 - Officer in Charge, MARABELL, (suffered mild stroke in 1957)
•  1957 - 61 - wrote pilots and sailing directions
• 1962 onwards - Officer in Charge, PARRY, Revisory surveys around Vancouver Island

Miss L.R. Brown

• 1925-28 - clerk-stenographer for Tidal Survey section.

R.E. Brown

   1966 - Field assignment, Pacific Region - Parry

Nav. Lt. G.A. Browning

• 1858-62 – as a 2nd Master, surveyed Trail I to Cadboro Head, B.C., under Richards (chart BA577)
• 1860 – as a 2nd Master, surveyed Strait of Georgia, under Richards (chart BA579)
• 1860 - surveyed off NW part of Vancouver Island (chart BA582)
• 1862 - surveyed Brooks Bay (w side Vancouver I) (chart BA590)
• 1866-69 – surveyed Lama Passage & Seaforth Channel, under Pender (chart BA2449)

James Bruce

Jim Bruce joined the CHS in 1957 after serving as an officer in the British Merchant Navy. Jim originally joined the CHS as a field hydrographer and spent his first full season in Pike-Resor Channel in Frobisher Bay along with D'Arcy Charles, Harvey Blandford and Derek Cooper. He then switched to the cartographic side to compile the first charts of the St. Lawrence Seaway.

While serving in Ottawa as the Chief of the Notices to Mariners section, from 1962 to 1989, Jim still managed to return to sea occasionally and earned his Master's ticket. He also joined Adam Kerr and Derek Cooper for a jaunt across the Atlantic in a 36 foot sailboat.

CHS was lucky in 1984 when Jim took office as the National President for a three-year term. Jim's considerable energy brought about several major changes to the organization. which became the foundation for our present strength. Under Jim's leadership the CHA developed a new constitution and took the first steps towards involvement in international projects in Asia and the Caribbean.

From 1989 to his retirement, Jim was the Chief of the Sailing Directions unit in Ottawa. He continued his interest in sailing, and now has his own sailboat, which he keeps on the St. Lawrence River.

Source: Lighthouse, Spring 1993, p. 45.

• 1960 - classification in 1960: Map Compiler and Computer 3 •  April 1963 (CHS org chart)- Notices to Mariners, Aids to Navigation (Map Compiler and Computer 4)
• 1964 – promoted to Chief, Notices to Mariners

Pauls Brunavs


Paul (Pauls in Death Notice) was born on Christmas Day, 1910 in Latvia, where he worked as a surveyor for 10 years and attended courses on a part-time basis, obtaining a masters degree in geodesy from the University of Latvia. the end of the Second World War found him in Germany where he taught geodesy at a university and survived on meager rations. He applied for immigration to Canada as a "Displaced Person" but officials were slow to accept his application since there were restrictions on the number of applications that could be accepted and since he was a professional person and landed immigrants to Canada had to agree to a one-year assignment of physical labor.

After arriving in Canada, Paul did six months labor for the railways in the Calgary area and six months as a lumberjack near Kapuskasing, Ontario. During that year, he saved some money which enabled him to travel to Ottawa where he landed on the doorstep of the Dominion Geodesist at the Dominion Observatory. He had seen a photograph of the Observatory in 1935 in a published article, so he knew the Mecca of his dreams. He arrived without an appointment but was received by J.L. Rannie who warmed to the story of his past, his education, and experience. The interview included a visit to the basement laboratory where the Wild T-3 theodolites were tested. Paul's love for high quality survey instruments must have oozed forth. Because of bureaucracy, Rannie could not offer a permanent job, only a seasonal employment with the promise that he would endeavor to hire him permanently in the fall. Paul really wanted a permanent job and thus was hesitant to accept the seasonal employment, by Rannie prevailed. Paul was sent to the north shore of Lake superior as a laborer, but the Party Chief was sent instructions to give Paul the first opportunity as an observer of the first-order directions. This only came grudgingly after spending time as the recorder. But his ability at observing directions must have made an impression. the boon for Paul was that his room (albeit, a tent) and board were provided.

By October 1949, Paul was back in Ottawa. Rannie kept his word and found a permanent position for Paul as an engineer, but not without him becoming a Canadian citizen. Paul spent two more summers on the Lake Superior triangulation net and spent the winters doing computations under Ed Lilly. They found that the closure equations used in the condition equation method of adjusting the triangulation led to residual errors, therefore it was necessary to consider the second-order term of the Taylor series expansion of the functions.

Paul had his heart set on year-round office work and Lilly smoothed the way for Paul to transfer over to the Canadian Hydrographic Service. the service was just down the hill at Temporary #8, where former geodetic staff member W.C. Murdie had just set up the Nautical Geodesy Section. Paul took over on Murdie's retirement and held the position of chief of the section until his own retirement in 1975.

Of all the post-war immigrants who joined CHS in the 1950s, Paul Brunavs was the one who added European rigour to Canadian vigour. For Paul, there was no question of accepting an equipment manufacturer's word; he took the new South African invention, the Tellurometer, out on a measured baseline in the winter and tested it until he was fully satisfied with its operational performance. Paul was instrumental in much of the field practices done by CHS in the post-war era in extending control surveys. he was the one to insist that CHS control points be monumented. He provided courses in geodesy, computations and instrument care to such notables in CHS as Harvey Blandford, Mike Bolton, Ross Douglas, Neil Anderson and many others.

In the following decades, when the CHS made the revolutionary change from visual fixing to electronic positioning, Paul applied the same professional integrity and thoroughness to developing the basis understanding, and the theoretical background required to compute positions and accuracy of the new radio positioning systems: two range Decca, Hi-Fix and later Loran-C.

Paul was no theoretician. Although investigations in radio propagation, survey control, map projections were all part of Paul's forte, he kept a practical attitude, and was willing to spend as much time as required in discussions with his colleagues.

By the time he retired in December 1975 (probably reluctantly), Paul had played a fundamental role in establishing the new professionalism needed by the CHS to handle the technical changes of the 1980s and 1990s. He continues to live in Ottawa where he spends one hour each day in the local public library reading and another hour of walking.

Source: Geomatica, Vol. 51, No. 1, 1997.

• 1961 - Headquarters Staff, Engineer (Engineer 4)
• Nov 1962 - Chief Nautical Geodesy Section
• April 1963 (CHS org chart)- Chief of Nautical Geodesy, (Engineer 4)
• Paul died April 28, 1998, in Ottawa, leaving two sons, Pauls and Janis in Latvia.

P. Brunet

• July 1941 - appointed as temporary map draftsman.
• 1947 - listed as on staff of chart drafting section

E.H. Bruns

• 1960 - classification in 1960: Tech Off 1
• April 1963 (CHS org chart)- Central Region, Field Officer (as Technical Officer 2)
1964 - Hydrographic Assistant - Wm J Stewart - BC
1965 - Hydrographic Assistant - Marabell - Various BC locations - (T.O. 3)
1966 - Hydrographer - Wm J, Stewart (5 May - 27 Aug) - BC Coast, Edye Passage to Bell Passage
1967 - Hydrographer (TO 3) - CSS Wm J Stewart - BC Coast (1 May - 1 Sept) 
1968 - Hydrographer - Marabell - Various BC locations (1 May to 30 June)
1968 - 30 June resigned

B. Buis

• Royal Netherlands Navy
• 1965/66- Field Training-Hydro I (CHS Class Photo)

J. Bull

• 1860 – as a Master, surveyed Strait of Georgia, under Richards (chart BA579)
• 1860 - surveyed off NW part of Vancouver Island (chart BA582)

W. Bullen

   1966 - taken on strength - compilation unit - Ottawa
1967 - working level compiler - Ottawa

Admiral Frederick Bullock, R.N.

• surveyed northern Newfoundland (chart BA232b)
• 1819 - As a Lieut., "was on his way out with a small vessel, the SNAP, to support Holbrook in Newfoundland." [Ritchie, The Admiralty Chart, p. 118]
• 1825 - surveyed NE Newfoundland (chart BA 285)
• 1825-26 – surveyed Green Bay to C. Norman, Nfld. (chart BA271)
• 1827-28 - As a Lieut. "Commanded a small paddle vessel, ECHO, whilst surveying the River Thames" [Ritchie, The Admiralty Chart, p. 216]
• 1827-53 - surveyed SE coast of England, including Thames River from London Bridge seaward. {Ritchie, The Admiralty Chart, map. 260, pp. 264-5]
• 1853 - Retired as a Captain due to lack of suitable appointments [Ritchie, The Admiralty Chart, p. 217]
• 1865± - Frederick's son was Officer in Charge of SERPENT on the China Station [Ritchie, The Admiralty Chart, p. 380]
• 1874 - died. [Ritchie, The Admiralty Chart, p. 265]
• credited for surveys on chart BA 232b.
• Bullock Channel, renamed Duke of Edinburgh's Channel, is main entrance to Thames Estuary. [Ritchie, The Admiralty Chart, p. 264] 

W.J. Bulman, B.Sc.

• 1891 - hired as civilian assistant HM Newfoundland surveys.
• 1892 - assistant on survey of East Cape, Anticosti Island (chart 4430a)
• 1893-96 – surveyed Codroy Roads to Cow Head, Nfld., under Tooker (chart BA283, BA2876)
• 1898 - Strait of Belle harbour surveys (chart 4668)
• 1902-03 – surveyed Bay of Exploits, under Tooker (chart BA3433)
• Jan. 1904 - died

F.H. Burgess

• 1983 –Strait of Belle Isle survey (FS 4962)

Frank R. Burgess

• prior to 1912 - with Public Works Dept. - water level gauges.
• 5 June 1912- transferred to Officer in Charge, Automatic Gauges Section, CHS
• 1912 - automatic gauges, Detroit River
• 1913 - water level studies, St. Lawrence River.
• 31st May 1913 - resigned.

R.G. (Bob) Burke

Bob Burke is the Manager of the Marine Geomatics Group at CHS Atlantic.  Since joining the CHS in 1970, he has been involved with developing, implementing and administrating systems to support field programs and product generation.  He is presently [1998] part of the team that is developing the Source Database System for CHS.  Bob holds a M.Sc. degree in Electrical Engineering from the Technical University of Nova Scotia. 

Source: 1998 Canadian Hydrographic Conference Proceedings.

   1970 - Hydrographic Development - Kapuskasing - Northumberland Str (10 Aug - 31 Aug)
1970 - CSS Maxwell - Revisory and Range surveys, Gulf of St. Lawrence - 16 Sept to 4 Oct
1973 - Acting head of the Hydrographic Development Section, Atlantic Region

W.E.F. Burke

• 1965/66-Training-Hydro I (CHS Class Photo)
  1966 - Hydrographer - CSS Acadia - Magdalen Islands, Que. - Newfoundland

G.E. Burns

• 1947 - messenger in chart distribution
• Sept. 1947 - died.

D.C. Burr

• April 1963 (CHS org chart)- Bedford Institute, Field Officer (Technical Officer 2)

R.A. Burt

• 1960 - classification in 1960: Tides and Water Level Section, Technician 2

Capt. David Butler

   1970 Captain, CSS Hudson, "Hudson 70" around the Americas cruise
died November 1998

Capt. Thomas Butler

• of Halifax, N.S.
• 1911 - Skipper of schooner BURLEIGH, magnetic survey, Hudson Bay.